Plugging Materials and the Cementing of Wells – Bulatov

In this post, we will see the book Plugging Materials and the Cementing of Wells by A. Bulatov.

About the book:

This textbook, translated from the third Russian edition, is intended for students at technical schools specializing in the drilling of oil and gas wells. The book outlines the techniques of cementing oil and gas wells, based on current scientific developments and experience gained in applying advanced methods by the Soviet oil-industry specialists, and offers a description of cementing outfit, plugging cements, and chemicals used for their
treatment. It also surveys the properties of plugging mixtures (slurries) and cement stone under a variety of geological and technical conditions.

One of the merits of the text is that it describes the composition of plugging cements and techniques employed in their preparation, which is of great importance in training technical personnel at oil fields.

The book will be of particular value in countries where oil is being produced with the participation of the Soviet specialists and with use of the Soviet-made equipment.

 

The book was translated from the Russian by S. Kittell and was published by Mir in 1985 (Second Edition).

Many thanks to Akbar Azimi for the scans.

The Internet Archive Link

Contents

Preface. 8

Introduction. 9

Chapter I. Methods of Casing Cementing. 13

1.1. Primary Cementing Methods. 13
1.2. Secondary (Remedy) Cementing Methods. 22

Chapter 2. Technology of Cementing Wells. 21

2.1. Flow Properties of Slurries. 24
2.2. Idea of Slurry Flow. 28
2.3. Preparation of Well Bore for Casing and Cementing. 30
2.4. Determining Well Bore Configuration and Volume. 35
2.5. Improving the Quality of Well Cementing. 38
2.6. Technological Parameters. 39
2.7. Spacer (Displacement) Fluids. 42

Chapter 3. Cementing Units and Cement Mixers. 44

3.1. Cementing Units. 44
3.2. Cementing Units of Special Construction. 55
3.3. Improvement of Cementing Units. 57
3.4. Citnent Mixers. 59
3.5. Cementing Process Control Station and Self-Propelled Manifold Unit.68
3.6. Cementing Process Calculations. 71

Chapter 4. Cementing Conditions and Requirements for the Quality of Cement Slurries and Stone. 85

4.1. Temperature and Pressure In Wells. 86
4.2. Stratal Waters. 88
4.3. Requirements to the Quality ot Plugging Mixture and Stone. 89

Chapter 5. Composition and Basic Properties of Portland Cement. 97

5.1. Classification of Plugging (Oil-Well) Cements and Mixtures. 97
5.2. Plugging Portland Cement. 99
5.3. Clinker Composition. 99
5.4. Quantitative Characteristics of Clinker. 101
5.5. Saturation Coefficient and Moduli of Portland Cement. 101
5.6. Estimated and Actual Mineralogical Composition of Portland Cement Clinker. 102
5.7. Brief Information on the Technology of Portland Cement Production. 104
5.8. Properties of Dry Cement Flour. 106
5.9. Active Mineral Additives io Binders. 107
5.10. Heat Liberation During Hardening of Plugging Mixtures. 108

Chapter 6. Properties of Cement Slurry and Cement Stone. 123

6.1. Sedimentation Stability of Cement Slurries. 123
6.2. Water Loss of Cement Slurry. 124
6.3. Thickening of Cement Slurry. 126
6.4. Setting Time of Cement Slurries. 127
6.5. Density of Cement Slurry. 129
6.6. Intemingling of Mud Fluids and Plugging Mixtures. 129
6.7. Contraction Effect in Hydration of Cement and in Hardening of Cement Slurry. 131
6.8. Mechanical Strength of Cement Stone. 132
6.9. Permeability of Cement Stone. 135
6.10. Adhesion of Cement Stone to Casing String Metal and to Rocks. 137
6.11. Changes in Volume of Plugging Cements (Slurries and Stone). 138

Chapter 7. Plugging Cement. 142

7.1. Definition and Composition of Plugging Cement. 142
7.2. Specifications for Granulated Coke-Smelting Blast-Furnace Slags. 143
7.3. Specifications for Plugging Cement. 143
7.4. Acceptance Rules. 144
7.5. Test Methods. 145
7.6. Transportation and Storage. 159
7.7. Determining the Permeability of Cement Stone. 159

Chapter 8. Adjusting the Properties of Cement Slurry and Cement Stone. 162

8.1. Cement Setting Retardants. 162

Chapter 9. Plugging Cements for High-Temperature Wells. 169

9.1. Cement-Sand Slurries. 169
9.2. Choice of Sand. 171
9.3. Proportioning of Cement-Sand Slurries. 173
9.4. Permeability of Cement-Sand Stone. 175
9.5. Slag-Sand Cements. 176
9.6. Setting Time and Mechanical Strength of Slag-Sand Slurries and Stone. 178
9.7. Slag-Sand Cements for Wells with Bottom-Hole Temperatures above 200 °C and Pressures up to 100 MPa. 182
9.8. Slag-Sand Cements with Sand of Natural Size. 182
9.9. Plugging Cements Based on Ferromanganese Slag. 184
9.10. Jointly Ground Slag-Sand Cements. 184
9.11. Separate and Combined Effects of Temperature and Pressure on Properties of Slag Slurries. 185
9.12. Effect of Storage Time on Properties ot Slag Cements. 185
9.13. Water Loss of Slag Slurries. 186
9.14. Adhesion of Slag Cements to Metal. 187
9.15. Slag Portland Cement. 187
9.16. Lime-Sand Slurries. 189
9.17. Belite-SIlica Cement. 190

Chapter 10. Cements for Low-Density Slurries and Weighted Cements. 191

10.1. Lightened Plugging Mixtures with Finely Ground Silica Additives. 197
10.2. Lightened Slag Slurries. 198
10.3. Weighted Cement Slurries. 200
10.4. Weighted Slag Slurries. 204
10.5. Aerated Cement Slurries. 204

Chapter 11. Cement Slurries Prepared with Concentrated Saline Solutions (Brines) 208

11.1. Dissolution of Saliferous Rocks in Plugging Mixtures. 209
11.2. Preparation of Salinized (Brine) Plugging Mixtures. 210
11.3. Effect of Salts on Pheological Properties of Plugging Mixtures. 212
11.4. Water Loss of Salinized (Brine) Plugging Mixtures. 213
11.5. Adhesion of Cement Stone to Salts. 214
11.6. Corrosion of Plugging Cement Stone. 214
11.7. Features Specific to Cementing of Wells in Permafrost Areas. 215

Chapter 12. Plugging Materials for Controlling Loss of Circulation. 219

12.1. Plugging Mixtures for Controlling Loss of Circulation in Drilling. 220
12.2. Quick-Setting Mixtures. 221
12.3. Gel-Cements. 223
12.4. Features Specific to the Setting of Quick-Taking Plugging Mixtures. Selection of Mixtures for Concrete Conditions. 223

Chapter 13. Special Plugging Cements and Mixtures. 225

13.1. Corrosion-Proof Plugging Cements. 225
13.2. Expanding Plugging Cements. 230
13.3. Gypsum as a Plugging Material. 231
13.4. Hydrophobic Cements. 233
13.5. Oil-Cement Slurries. 233
13.6. Organic and Organic-Mineral Materials for Cementing Wells. 235

Chapter 14. Facilities and Structures for Transporting, Mixing, and Storage of Plugging Materials. 248

14.1. Plugging Cement Storage Regulations.252
14.2. Arrangement, Operating Principle, and Technical Data of Railwayside Mechanized Plugging Cement Store. 254
14.3. GROZNEFT Installation for Preparing Dry Plugging Mixtures. 258
14.4. KRASNODARNEFTEGAZ Installation for Preparing Plugging Mixtures. 259
14.5. Laboratory Control over Plugging Materials. 260

Chapter 15. Organization of Cementing Jobs. Complications and Safety Engineering in Cementing of Wells. 268

15.1. Organization of Cementing Jobs 268
15.2. Complications in Cementing of Wells. 272
15.3. Accident Prevention in Handling Free-Flowing and Dusty Materials. 278
15.4. Accident Prevention in Cementing Jobs. 280
15.5. Safety in Handling Radioactive Isotopes. 282
15.6. Safety Regulations to be Observed when Working in Gaseous Environment and Handling Chemicals.283
15.7. Safety Regulations to be Observed when Working in Winter Time. 283
15.8. General Safety Rules. 284

Chapter 16. Cementing Quality Check. 285

Index 292

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1 Response to Plugging Materials and the Cementing of Wells – Bulatov

  1. sajjan kumar says:

    High school mathematics by G.Yakovlev

    Like

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