The Atomic Nucleus – Korsunsky

In this post we will see the book, The Atomic Nuclues by M. Korsunsky.
IMG_20180920_0001.jpg
About the book:
(from the Dover print of the book)
The study of atomic structure is among the most important topics in modern physics, and in this age of nuclear fission and fusion the atomic nucleus has top priority as an object of intensive investigation and experimental research. This modern survey, originally published in 1958, presents all the available important facts about the nuclei of atoms in an unusually readable text.
After a clear summary of early theory and experiment in radioactivity, the author devotes chapters to the nuclear model of the atom (Rutherford’s equation, Mendeleyev’s periodic table and nuclear charge, X-ray measurements, Bohr’s theory of excitation, etc.), mass of nuclei (measuring techniques, work of Thomson and Aston, isotopes, nuclear binding energy, methods for separating isotopes, etc.), disintegration of nuclei (Rutherford’s disintegration of nitrogen, Blackett’s work, the neutron, Curie-Joliot experiments, nuclear transformations, etc.), the positron (cosmic rays, Bothe’s experiments, work of Skobeltsyn, birth and death of positrons and electrons, etc.), artificial transformation of nuclei (Cockcroft and Walton, Van de Graaff generators, acceleration of ions, cyclotrons, betatrons, synchrotons, cosmotrons, etc.), artificial radioactivity (Curie, Joliot, Fermi, low-energy neutrons, isomerism, new elements, etc.), mesons (Bethe, radiative loss, showers, Yukawa, types of meson, etc.), the neutrino (Pauli’s theory, K capture, Allen’s experiments, etc.), structure of nuclei, forces acting between nuclear particles, fission, transuranium elements, nuclear chain reactions, reactors, atomic energy and thermonuclear reactions.
This is an extremely accurate, up-to-date, very thorough coverage of these important topics on a verbal level, completely free of nationalistic bias. It does not limit itself to the familiar material in most books on the atom, but presents much material that is not generally known except to specialists in the field. Yet because of its clear non-mathematical treatment, it can be read with full understanding as an introduction or survey for the beginning student and layman; it is also a first-rate summary for the specialist, indicating chains of development that might not have been clear to him, and formulating many difficult concepts in clear language.
The book was translated from the Russian by G. Yankovsky and was first published by Foreign Languages Publishing House Moscow in 1958.
PDF | OCR | 300 dpi | Bookmarked | Cover
I dedicate this post to one of my teachers who told me about this book. He read this book in the 60s, got inspired and eventually did research in nuclear physics.
The Internet Archive Link
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Radioactivity……………………………………………………….. 7
Becquerel’s Discovery……………………………………………………….. 7
The Properties of Radioactive Radiation ……………………………11
The Energy Radiated by Radium………………………………………..12
Alpha, Beta and Gamma Rays ……………………………………………15
The Properties of Alpha, Beta and Gamma Rays ……………..17
What Is an Alpha Particle?………………………………………………….20
Radium Emanation (Radon)………………………………………………….24
The Hypothesis of Radioactive Decay………………………………….29
The Spinthariscope……………………………………………………………….32
The Geiger Counter………………………………………………………………33
The Cloud Chamber……………………………………………………………… 37
The Photographic Method of Registering Alpha Particles . 40
The Charge of an Alpha Particle ‘ ……………………………………….. 41
The Decay Time of Radium and Uranium……………………………42
Once More About the Energy Contained in Atoms of Radium 49
Radioactive Series………………………………………………………………49
Isotopes . . ……………………………………………………………………….. 51
Brief Summary…………………………………………………………………….57
Chapter II. The Nuclear Model of the A to m ……………………………60
Scattering of Alpha Particles………………………………………………60
The Experiments of Geiger and Marsden……………………………61
The Static Model of the Atom ……………………………………………62
The Nuclear Model of the Atom …………………………………… . . 64
The Relation Between the Place of an Element in Mende­leyev’s. Periodic System and the Charge of Its Nucleus 69
Measuring the Charge of the Nucleus with X-Rays 73
Chapter III. The Mass of Atomic Nuclei…………………………….. 84
Measuring the Mass of an Atom ……………………………………….. 84
Separating the Isotopes ofNeon……………………………………………86 3
 Isotopes of Stable Elements………………………………………………….92
Prout’s Hypothesis………………………………………………………………94
The Binding Energy of Nuclei ……………………………………………97
Methods of Separating Isotopes………………………………………….103
Separating the Isotopes of Hydrogen…………………………………105
Chapter IV. The Disintegration of Atomic Nuclei……………………109
Anomalous Scattering of Alpha Particles …………………………. 110
The Disintegration of Nitrogen Nuclei …………………………….. 111
The Disintegration of Other Elements ……………………………..114
Blackett’s Experiments……………………………………………………… 116
Nitrogen Converted into Oxygen ……………………………………….118
Why Don’t All Elements Disintegrate Under the Action of
Alpha Particles? ……………………………………………………………..123
The Discovery of the Neutron……………………………………………..125
Ways of Observing Neutrons……………………………………………..132
Nuclear Transformations That Produce Neutrons…………………134
Nuclear Transformations Produced by Neutrons…………………136
Chapter V. The Discovery of the Positron ……………………………..140
What Is a Positron?…………………………………. 140
Cosmic Rays ……………………………………………………. 141
Skobeltsyn’s Experiments……………………………………………………149
How Lhe Positron Was Discovered……………………………………… 153
The “Birth and Death” of Electrons……………………………………156
Chapter VI. The Artificial Transformation of Atomic Nuclei 161
The First Apparatus for the Artificial Disintegration ol’ Atomic Nuclei………………………………………………………………..162
The Disintegration of Lithium ………………………………………….167
An Experimental Verification of Einstein’s Equation 170
The Van de Graaff Generator……………………………………………..172
Acceleration by an Alternating Electric Field……………………178
The Cyclotron ……………………………………………………………………182
The Betatron………………………………………………………………………186
Now Types of Charged-Particle Accelerators ……………………..199
Chapter VII. Artificial Radioactivity…………………………………………205
The Discovery of Artificial Radioactivity………………………….205
Artificial Radioactivity Induced by Neutrons…………………….. 211
Thermal Neutrons………………………………………………………………..215
Neutron Capture That Does Not Load to Radioactivity 218
Isomerism of Atomic Nuclei………………………………………………..221
New Chemical Elements………………………………………………………223
Chapter VIII. Mesons……………………………………………………………..225
Ionization and Radiative Losses ………………………………………226
Showers ……………………………………………………………………………. 232
The Discovery of the Meson………………………………………………..235
The Lifetime of a Meson……………………………………………………238
The Mass of Mesons……………………………………………………………..241
Nuclear Transformations Produced by Pi-Mesons and The
Transformation of Pi- and Mu-Mesons ………………………….247
Heavy Mesons ……………………………………………………………………250 Hyperons……………………………………………………………………………..251
Again About Cosmic Rays ………………………………………………..254
Chapter IX. The Neutrino………………………………………………………261
Beta-Ray Spectra………………………………………………………………..261
The Pauli Hypothesis………………………………………………………….266
K-Capture …………………………………………………………………………. 269
Allen’s Experiments ………………………………………………………….275
Chapter X. The Structure of Atomic Nuclei and the Forces Acting Between Nuclear Particles ………………………277
Are There Electrons in Atomic Nuclei?……………………………..277
What Are Atomic Nuclei Made o f ? ……………………………………280
The Radioactivity of the Neutron………………………………………284
Nuclear Forces……………………………………………………………………287
A Model of the Nucleus………………………………………………………291
Nuclear Transformations Accompanied by the Ejection of Several Particles……………………………………………………………..296
Chapter XI. Nuclear Fission ……………………………………………….. 300
Neutron Capture by Uranium…………………………………………….300
An Investigation of the Nature of the Transuranium Elements 302
The Discovery of Rare-Earth Elements Among the Decay
Products of Uranium………………………………………………………304
The Fission of Uranium……………………………………………………….306
Chemical Elements with Atomic: Numbers Above 92 308
Nuclear Fragments and Their Energy………………………………..315
Secondary Neutrons……………………………………………………………..320
Thermal Neutrons and the Fission of Uranium ……………….. 324
 The Spontaneous Fission of Uranium-235 Nuclei………………..326
Chapter XII. Nuclear Chain Reactions……………………………………329
The Chain Reaction……………………………………………………………..329
The Nuclear Reactor………………………………………………………….336
The First Soviet Uranium Reactor ……………………………………339
The Atomic Bomb ……………………………………………………………..341
Chapter XIII . The Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy ……………..347
Atomic Power Stations……………………………………………………….347
Atomic Power Plants………………………………………………………….353
Tracer Atoms and Their Use in the National Economy . . 355
Chapter XIV. Thermonuclear Reactions 369
The Binding Energy per Nuclear Particle 369
The Energy Liberated in Nuclear Fusion 371
Thermonuclear Reactions 373
The Hydrogen Bomb …………………………………………………………. 378
Controlled Thermonuclear Reactions……………………………………380
Appendix ………………………………………………………………………. 383
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Problems in Theoretical Physics – Grechko, Sugakov, Tomasevich, Fedorchenko

In this post, we will see the much awaited and somewhat rare book Problems in Theoretical Physics by L. G. Grechko, V. I. Sugakov, O. F. Tomasevich A. M. Fedorchenko.

grechko-front-cover

About the book:

From the Front Jacket

This book is a collection of problems covering mechanics, electrodynamics, nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, !statistical physics and thermodynamics. Each Section opens with a brief outline of the main laws and relationships used to solve the problems. Also information about the needed mathematical apparatus is included. Along with answers there are guides to solving the more complicated problems. SI units are used throughout the book. Problems in Theoretical Physics is intended for physics majors at universities and other institutions of higher learning. Some of the problems are specifically for students majoring in theoretical physics. Certain ones can be used in the physics and mathematics departments of teachers colleges.

From the Preface

The text draws largely on the Course of Theoretical Physics by L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz, but also makes use of other textbooks and handbooks recommended for the university course in theoretical physics. Some of the problems have been taken from published problem books listed at the end of this book, but many are original. The student will be able to solve the problems if he has a good knowledge of the fundamentals of theoretical physics, which are briefly outlined in each section of this book.

The book was translated from the Russian by Eugene Yankovsky and was published by Mir in 1977.

PDF | OCR | Bookmarked | Cover | 600dpi

The Internet Archive Link

Contents

PREFACE 5

Section I. Classical Mechanics 9

Problems 25

Answers 141

Section II. Electrodynamics 50

Problems 61

Answers 160

Section III. Quantum Mechanics 78

Problems 92

Answers 230

Section IV. Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics 110

Problems 119

Answers 356

APPENDICES 424

1. Basic formulas of vector analysis 424

2. Curvilinear coordinates 425

3. Differential operators in curvilinear coordinates 429

4. Mathematical supplement 434

5. Legendre polynomials 441

6. Hermite polynomials 444

7. The confluent hypergeometric junction 446

BOOKS ON THE SUB1ECT 448

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Calculus: Basic Concepts for High Schools – Tarasov

In this post, we will see the book Calculus: Basic Concepts for High Schools by Lev Tarasov. Now, many of you must be wondering why a re-post of a book? The answer is that this is not a scan of the original book. But instead, it is a completely electronic version of the book created using LaTeX!

tarasov-calculus-fc.png

We have used XeLaTeX for typesetting the book, and friends it was fun indeed to do it. With LaTeX the equations are typeset really beautifully. And the final result is a beautifully typeset book which is of the best out there for the given subject. The result was immensely satisfying to see and is aesthetically pleasing as well.

Below are a few sample pages from the book:

Screen Shot 2018-09-04 at 1.04.49 PM

Some of the diagrams I have drawn using TiKz.

Screen Shot 2018-09-04 at 1.06.46 PMScreen Shot 2018-09-04 at 1.07.12 PM

At other places, I have used the existing diagrams.

Screen Shot 2018-09-04 at 1.07.25 PM

For now, I have used the some of the old figures from the scan, but it would be fun to redraw them using TiKz. I have redrawn some of them like the ones above, but I would need some help with doing all of them. let me know if you are ready for volunteering for that. There might be a few typos here and there or the mathematical mistakes. Please point them and I will correct them. What better way to proofread than using 1000s of eyes?  We plan to digitise all the important books with LaTeX in the near future, let me know if you want to pitch in.

About the book

The whole book is presented as a relatively free-flowing
dialogue between the AUTHOR and the READER. From one discussion
to another the AUTHOR will lead the inquisitive and receptive
READER to different notions, ideas, and theorems of calculus,
emphasizing especially complicated or delicate aspects, stressing the
inner logic of proofs, and attracting the reader’s attention to special
points. I hope that this form of presentation will help a reader of the
book in learning new definitions such as those of derivative, antiderivative, definite. integral, differential equation, etc. I also expect that
it will lead the reader to better understanding of such concepts as
numerical sequence, limit of sequence, and function. Briefly, these
discussions are intended to assist pupils entering a novel world of
calculus. And if in the long run the reader of the book gets a feeling
of the intrinsic beauty and integrity of higher mathematics or even
is appealed to it, the author will consider his mission as successfully
completed.

Thanks to Anish.dot for the original scan.

The Internet Archive link.

Link to the old scan.

Contents

Preface v

1 INFINITE NUMERICAL SEQUENCE 1

2 LIMIT OF SEQUENCE 17

3 CONVERGENT SEQUENCE 29

4 FUNCTION 45

5 MORE ON FUNCTION 61

6 LIMIT OF FUNCTION 85

7 MORE ON THE LIMIT OF FUNCTION 103

8 VELOCITY 115

9 DERIVATIVE 129

10 DIFFERENTIATION 147

11 ANTIDERIVATIVE 169

12 INTEGRAL 185

13 DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 199

14 MORE ON DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 215

PROBLEMS 227

 

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Applied Methods in the Theory of Nonlinear Oscillations – Starzhinskii

In this post, we will see the book Applied Methods in the Theory of Nonlinear Oscillations by V. M. Starzhinskii.

starzhinskii

About the book:

The book is aimed at engineers with a strong mathematical background, scientists working in mechanics and applied mathematics, and undergraduate and postgraduate students of Applied Physics and Physics and Mathematics departments. The book is based on a course of lectures presented by the author to engineering students at the Mechanics and Mathematics Department of Moscow University in 1956-1976.

The book has two parts

Part One of the book is devoted to the combination of the Lyapunov, Poincare, and averaging methods as applied to the analysis of oscillations in Lyapunov and nearly Lyapunov systems.

The second part of the book is also based on the results achieved in one of the classical methods developed in the years spanning the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the theory of normal forms (Poincare, Lyapunov, Dulac, Siegel, Moser, Arnold, Pliss, and others).

The book requires considerable mathematical background and is not an easy read for those who are not thorough with quite advanced and topical stuff regarding solving equations.

The book was translated from the Russian by V. I.  Kisin and was first published by Mir Publishers in 1980.

Original upload was in djvu form (with OCR and Bookmarked), we converted to PDF, added bookmarks and cover.

The Internet Archive link.

Contents

PART ONE

OSCILLATIONS IN LYAPUNOV SYSTEMS

Chapter I. Introduction (13)

§ 1. Transformation of Lyapunov Systems (13)

1.1. General case (13).

1.2. Systems of second-order equations (16).

§ 2. On the Poincare Method of Finding Periodic Solutions of Non-autonomous

Quasilinear Systems (19)

2.1. Differential equations of the generating solution and first corrections (19).

2.2. Non-resonant case (20).

2.3. Resonant case (22).

2.4. Variational equations for periodic unperturbed motion (24).

2.5. Case of distinct multipliers of unperturbed system of variational equations (25).

2.6. Case of multiple multipliers (27).

2.7. Examples (28).

§ 3. Forced Vibrations of Centrifuges Used for Spinning (33)

3.1. Statement of the problem and equations of motion (33).

3.2. Determination of a periodic solution (35).

3.3. Stability analysis (37)

Chapter II. Oscillatory Chains (40)

§ 1. Completely Elastic Free Oscillatory Chains (40)

1.1. Definition of an oscillatory chain (40).

1.2. Determination of equilibrium positions (43).

1.3. Asymptotic stability in the large of the lower equilibrium position for distinct resistance forces (46).

1.4. Variational equations for Vertical oscillations of the system (47).

1.5. Conservative case (49).

1.6. Stability of vertical vibrations of a spring-loaded pendulum (50).

§ 2. Partly Elastic Free Oscillatory Chains (55)

2.1. Statement of the problem (55).

2.2. Kinetic and potential energies (57).

2.3. Example (59).

2.4. Pendulum subject to elastic free suspension (62).

2.5. Pendulum subject to elastic guided suspension (65).

Chapter III. Application of the Methods of Small Parameter to Oscillations in

Lyapunov Systems (67)

§ 1. Loss of Stability of Vertical Vibrations of a Spring-Loaded Pendulum (67)

1.1. Step 1 (68).

1.2. Step 2 (69).

1.3. Step 3 (72).

§ 2. On Coupling of Radial and Vertical Oscillations of Particles in Cyclic

Accelerators (75)

2.1. Step 1 (75).

2.2. Step 2 (77).

2.3. Step 3 (78).

§ 3.  Loss of Stability of Vertical Oscillations of a Pendulum Subject to Elastic Guided suspension (79)

3.1. Determination of nontrivial periodic modes (Step 2) (79).

3.2. Transient process (Step 3) (80).

§ 4. Periodic Modes of a Pendulum Subject to Elastic Free Suspension (82)

4.1. Transformation of equations of motion (82).

4.2. Periodic solution (83).

Chapter IV. Oscillations in Modified Lyapunov Systems (84)

§ 1. Lyapunov Systems with Damping (84)

1.1. Transformation of Equations of motion (84).

1.2. Complete system of variational Equations in the Poincare parameter and its solution (86).

1.3. Vibration in mechanical systems with one degree of freedom and different types of nonlinearity (89).

1.4. The Duffing equation with linear damping (92).

1.5. Spring-loaded pendulum with linear damping (95).

§ 2. On Lyapunov Type Systems (!)8)

2.1. Statement of the problem (98).

2.2. Transformation of Lyapunov systems (100).

PART TWO

APPLICATION OF THE THEOHY OF NORMAL FORMS TO OSCILLATION PROBLEMS

Chapter V. Elements of the Theory of Normal Forms of Real Autonomous Systems of Ordinary Differential Equations (103)

§ 1. Introductory Information (103)

1.1. Statement of the problem (103).

1.2. The fundamental Brjuno theorem (144).

1.3. The Poincare theorem (106).

§ 2. Additional Information (107)

2.1. Some properties of normalizing transformations (107).

2.2. Classification of normal forms; integrable normal forms (107).

2.3. Concept of power transformations (109).

2.4. The Brjuno theorem on convergence and divergence of normalizing transformations ( 111).

§ 3. Practical Calculation of Coefficients of Normalizing Transformation and Normal Form. ( 112)

3.1. Fundamental identities (112).

3.2. Computational alternative (114).

3.3. Fundamental identities in general form and their transformation (116).

3.4. Computational alternative in general case (120).

3.5. Remark: on the transition from symmetrized coefficients to ordinary <Jill’S (122).

3.6. Formulas for coefficients of fourth-power Variables (123).

3.7. Case of composite elementary divisors of the matrix of the linear part (123).

Chapter VI. Normal Forms of Arbitrary-Order Systems in the Cast of Asymptotic Stability in Linear Approximation ( 128)

§ 1. Damped Oscillatory Systems (128)

1.1. Reduction to diagonal form (128).

1.2. Calculation of coefficients of normalising transformation (129).

1.3. General solution of the initial system (general solution of the Cauchy problem) (130).

§ 2. Examples (132)

2.1. A system with one degree of freedom (132).

2.2. Oscillations of a spring suspended mass with linear damping (133).

Chapter VII. Normal Forms of Third-Order Systems (136)

§ 1. Case of Two Pure Imaginary Eigenvalues of the Matrix of the Linear Part (136)

1.1. Reduction to normal form (136).

1.2. Calculation of coefficients of normalizing transformation and normal form ( 138).

1.3. Application of power transformation (140).

1.4. Free oscillations of an electric servodrive (142).

§ 2. Case of Neutral Linear Approximation (146)

2.1. Normal form (146).

2.2. Calculation of coefficients of normalizing transformation and normal form (148).

2.3. Remark on convergence (150).

2.4. Conclusions on stability (15U).

2.5. Integration of normal form in Quadratic approximation (152).

2.6. Example (155).

§ 3. Case of a Zero Eigenvalue of the Matrix of the Linear Part (156)

3.1. Normal form and normalizing transformation (156).

3.2. Integration of normal form (158).

3.3. Remark on convergence (159).

3.4. Free oscillations in a tracking system with a TV sensor (159).

Chapter VIII. Normal Forms of Fourth- and Six-Order Systems in Neutral Linear Approximation ( 165)

§ 1. Fourth-Order Systems (165)

1.1. Remark on coefficients of systems of diagonal form (16:i).

1.2. Reduction to normal form (166).

1.3. Calculation of coefficients of normalizing transformation and normal forms (168).

1.4. The Molchanov criterion of oscillation stability (170).

1.5. The Bibikov-Pliss criterion (173).

§ 2. The Ishlinskii Problem (173)

2.1. Reduction of equations of mot ion to tho Lyapunov form (173).

2.2. Transformation of systems similar to Lyapunov (176).

2.3. Determination of periodic solutions (178).

2.4. Reduction of equations of motion to diagonal form and transformation to normal form (180).

2.5. General solution of the Cauchy problem (182).

2.6. Preliminary conclusions on stability (184).

2.7. Construction of tho Lyapunov function (185).

§ 3. The Trajectory Described by the Centre of a Shaft’s Cross Section in One Revolution (186)

3.1. Statement of tho problem and equations of motion (186).

3.2. Reduction to diagonal form (190).

3.3. Reduction to normal form (193).

3.4. General solution of the Cauchy problem (194).

§ 4. Sixth-Order Systems (196)

4.1. Solutions of the resonant equation (197).

4.2. Normal forms (200).

4.3. Calculation of coefficients of normalizing transformation and normal forms (201).

4.4. Stability in the third approximation. The Molchanov criterion (205).

Chapter IX. Oscillations of a Heavy Solid Body with a Fixed Point About the Lower Equilibrium Position (208)

§ 1. Case of Centroid Located in a Principal Plane of the Ellipsoid of Inertia with respect to a Fixed Point (208)

1.1. Reduction to diagonal form (208).

1.2. Reduction to the Lyapunov form (211).

1.3. Resonances (212).

1.4. Simplest motions (213).

1.5. Transformation of equations of diagonal form (214).

1.6. Possible generalizations (215).

1.7. Situation similar to the Kovalevskaya case (216).

1.8. Application of the method of successive approximations (218).

1.9. Remarks on the determination of tho position of a solid body with a fixed point (219).

§ 2. The General Case (219)

2.1. Base reference frame (220).

2.2. Special reference frame (222).

2.3. Equations of motion of a heavy solid body in the special reference frame (223).

2.4. Reduction to the Lyapunov form (226).

2.5. Resonances (228).

2.6. Application of the method of successive approximations (229).

Brief Bibliographical Notes (232)

References (236)

Subject Index (262)

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Problems in Elementary Mathematics for Home Study – Antonov, Vygodsky, Nikitin, Sankin

In this post, we will see another mathematics problem-solution book titled Problems in Elementary Mathematics for Home Study by N. Antonov, M. Vygodsky, V. Nikitin, A. Sankin.

About the book

A collection of 928 problems in arithmetic, algebra, geometry and trigonometry (with answers) prepared for home study by correspondence students and others studying or brushing supplementary mathematics without a teacher. Problems with similar solutions are grouped together with a detailed example of the solution of the first problem in the group. Will be found a useful resource of questions for revision, tests, and examination papers. Has had 17 large editions in Russian.

The book was translated from the Russian by Leonid Levant and was published by Mir Publishers in 1982.

Scan by original uploader in DJVU format. We bookmarked, added covers and converted to PDF.

The Internet Archive link

Contents

Formulas for Reference

PART ONE ARITHMETIC AND ALGEBRA Problems | Answers

Chapter I. Arithmetic Calculations 11 | 89

Chapter II. Algebraic Transformations 14 | 90

Chapter Ill. Algebraic Equations 22 | 112

Chapter IV. Logarithmic and Exponential Equations 29 | 142

Chapter V. Progression 32 | 159

Chapter VI. Combinatorics and Newton’s Binomial Theorem 36 | 169

Chapter VII. Algebraic and Arithmetic Problems 39 | 177

PART TWO GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY Problems | Answers

Chapter VIII. Plane Geometry 55 | 208

Chapter IX. Polyhedrons 62 | 246

Chapter X. Solids of Revolution 76 | 327

Chapter X I. Trigonometric Transfonnation 81 | 363

Chapter X II. Trigonometric Equations 84 | 372

Chapter X Ill. Inverse Trigonometric Functions 87 | 395

Posted in books, mathematics, mir books, mir publishers, problem books | 2 Comments

The Origin of Man – Nesturkh

In this post, we will see the book The Origin of Man by M. F. Nesturkh.

About the book

The primary purpose of this book is to provide readers with concrete
facts, drawn from present-day biology, to serve as proofs in the
materialist theory of anthropogenesis. These include the most important
information on the living anthropoid apes necessary to make a correct
study of the fossil remains of their extinct ancestors, to find among
them the immediate precursors of man and to discover the main features
of their palaeobiology.

The second task which the author has set himself is to outline the
more significant stages in the development of fossil man.

The third task is to explain the anthropological viewpoint of the
way in which fossil man developed, using for this purpose the labour
theory of anthropogenesis, and also to criticize the idealist concepts
of the formation of man and the races of mankind.

The book was translated from the Russian by George H. Hanna and was first published by Foreign Languages Publishing House in 1959.

PDF | Cover | Bookmarked | OCR

The Internet Archive Link

Contents
Preface 5

PART ONE

THE DARWIN AND OTHER HYPOTHESES CONCERNING
ANTHROPOGENESIS

Chapter One. DARWIN ON THE ORIGIN OF MAN

1. Anthropogenesis Before Darwin
2. Darwin on the Evolution of the Animal Kingdom
3. Darwin’s Genealogy of Man

Chapter Two. THE ANTHROPOID APES AND THEIR ORIGIN

1. Living Anthropoids
2. Extinct Anthropoids

Chapter Three. CRITICISM OF THE LATER HYPOTHESES CONCERNING THE ORIGIN OF MAN

1. Religious Explanations of Anthropogenesis
2. The Tarsier Hypothesis
3. Some Simian Hypotheses
4. Osborne’s Hypothesis
5. Weidenreich’s Hypothesis of Anthropogenesis

PART TWO
PHYSICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE HUMAN BODY AND THE
EMERGENCE OF MAN

Chapter One. THE ROLE OF WORK AND ERECT LOCOMOTION IN ANTHROPOGENESIS

1. The Role of Work
2. Methods of Locomotion of the Great Apes
3. The Weight of the Body and the Centre of Gravity in Man and the Apes
4. The Inferior Extremities
5. The Pelvis, Spine and Thorax
6. The Superior Extremities
7. The Proportions of the Body and Asymmetry
8. The Skull

Chapter Two. THE BRAIN AND HIGHER NERVOUS ACTIVITY IN MAN AND THE APES

1. The Brain and Analysers of Man and the Apes
2. Development of the Peripheral Regions of the Analysers
3. Higher Nervous Activity in Monkeys
4. The Second Signalling System-the Distinguishing Feature or Human
Thought

Chapter Three. THE HERD INSTINCf IN MONKEYS AND RUDIMENTARY FORMS OF LABOUR

1. The Herd Instinct in Monkeys
2. Inceptual Forms of Labour

PART THREE
PALAEANTHROPOLOGICAL DATA ON THE MAKING OF MAN

Chapter One. THE FIRST STAGE: THE EARLIEST MEN (PITHECANTHROPI)

1. The Java Pithecanthropus
2. The Sinanthropus
3. The Heidelberg Man

Chapter Two. THE SECOND STAGE: EARLY MEN (PALAEANTHROPI)

1. The Ice Age
2. Neanderthalers and Their Physical Type
3. Neanderthalers on U.S.S.R. Territory
4. The Palestine Neanderthalers
5. Primitive Man’s Way of Life
6. The Development of Fossil Man’s Brain

Chapter Three. MODERN MAN (NEANTHROPUS)
1. Upper Palaeolithic Man
2. False Hypotheses Concerning the Origin of Modem Man and Their
Criticism
3. The Races of Mankind
4. Science Against Racism

Bibliography

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Ernesto Che Guevara – Lavretsky

In this post, we will see the biography of Ernesto “Che” Guevara by I. R. Lavretsky.  Che perhaps is the most iconic face of a revolutionary, and indeed in deed he was a revolutionary at heart till his untimely and gruesome death.

 

About the book:

This book by I. R. Lavretsky, Dr. Sc. (Hist.), Is concerned with the life and activities of the outstanding revolutionary and fighter for the national liberation of the Latin American peoples Ernesto Che Guevara. The author makes use of numerous documents, press Items, notes from personal conversations with friends, relatives and comrades-in-arms of Che Guevara, as well as a wealth of photographs.

The book was translated from the Russian by A. B. Eklof and was designed by V. An. The book was first published by Progress Publishers in 1976.

Original scan by IA user Thomas Mrett. We cleaned, OCRed, bookmarked the scan.

The Internet Archive link.

 

Contents

THE ROAD TO THE “GRANMA”

First Steps

Character Formation

A Lost Battle

The “Granma”

SIERRA MAESTRA

Fighting in the Mountains

The Daily Life of a Guerrilla

Through Santa Clara to Havana

“PATRIA 0 MUERTE”

In the Whirlwind of Revolution

The World of Socialism

A Shock Worker for Communism

“Cuba Si, Yanqui No!”

“BOLIVIAN DIARY”

A Mysterious Disappearance

The Camp on the Nancahuasu River

And Again the Thunder of Battle

On the Other Side of the Barricades

The Immortal Cause of Revolution

LANDMARKS IN THE LIFE OF ERNESTO CHE GUEVARA

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