Reprinting some classics

Edit: Thanks for all the positive responses. Due to the lockdown of the second wave, the printing plans have got delayed a bit, but we should have some updates this month.

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Garri Kasparov – Yudovich

In this post, we will see the book Garri Kasparov by M. Yudovich.

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About the book

Mikhail Yudovich (1912-1987) was an International Master, an eminent theorist of chess and a popular author. As a teacher of chess, he brought up many Grandmaster and Masters. During the last ten years Yudovich had often met Garri Kasparov, closely following his creative development. The book tells how Kasparov’s chess career began, and how children are taught chess in the USSR. The author traces the stages of Kasparov’s creative growth — from children’s competitions up to his struggle for the World Chess Title, Mikhail Yudovich has annotated about a hundred best games of the youngest ever World Champion. He has also used the analyses of Kasparov himself and of other prominent Soviet players.
The volume is furnished with a list of Kasparov’s opponents and an index to openings; it is amply illustrated by photographs, many of which are published for the first time.

The book was translated from Russian by Oleg Zilbert and was published in 1988 by Raduga Publishers.

All credits to our old friend @gnv64

You can get the book here and here.

PS: I had a crash of one of my drives which had a lot of  raw data. Though, fortunately,  the newly scanned data was not there, there was a lot of work in progress items :(. I am hoping that I would be able to recover this data but am not sure.

 

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Contents

V.Smyslov, ex-World Champion. About This Book and Its Hero 5

Chapter One. Heir to Alekhine and Botvinnik 7
Chapter Two. Tournaments of Hope 12
Chapter Three. Early Years and Old Hands 18
Chapter Four. Botvinnik’s School 27
Chapter Five. The Road to Mastery 36
Chapter Six. The Record in Minsk 53
Chapter Seven. The Thirteenth World Champion 63
Chapter Eight. The Classics of Chess Are Eternal! 70
Chapter Nine. Top-Level Competitions 79
Chapter Ten. The Secrets of Opening Strategy 96
Chapter Eleven. ““The Science of Winning” 114
Chapter Twelve. Kasparov’s Masterpieces 126
Chapter Thirteen. Kasparov’s Matches with Karpov in Moscow 150
Chapter Fourteen. Dress-Rehearsal 163
Chapter Fifteen. The Convincing Victory 169
Chapter Sixteen. From Leningrad to Seville 189

Kasparov’s Tournament and Match Record 200

List of Opponents 202
Index to Openings 204

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Psychopathology and Psychiatry – Pavlov

In this post, we will see the book I. P. Pavlov – Psychopathology And Psychiatry – Selected Works.

About the book

The book is a collection of Pavlov’s papers written at different times and offering a physiological interpretation of various psychopathological symptoms, syndromes and mental diseases, especially so widespread a disease as schizophrenia. The book also contains Pavlov’s articles which throw light on his teaching on types of nervous’ systems and experimental neuroses. These articles are very important for understanding the pathogenesis of various psychogenic disorders, reactive states, neuroses and psychopathies, i.e., problems of so-called borderline psychiatry.

Some of Pavlov’s articles published in the present edition deal with various aspects of his physiological teaching on higher nervous activity, particularly his conceptions of inhibition, sleep and hypnosis, with which the reader must familiarise himself to gain a better insight into his point of view on the physiological bases of mental disorders.

The book was compiled by Y. Popov and L. Rokhlin and  translated from Russian by D. Myshne and S. Belsky. The book was published in 1962 by Foreign Languages Publishing House.

Original scan by DLI.

You can get the book here.

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Contents

FOREWORD 5

Psychopathology and Psychiatry

Experimental Psychology and may Psychopathology in Animals 13
On Sleep 31
On Inhibition and Sleep 34
Conditions for Active and Resting States of the Cerebral Hemispheres 60
Some Facts About the Physiology of Sleep 53
Psychiatry as an Auxiliary to the Physiology of the Cerebral Hemispheres 60
Concerning the So- Called Hypnotism in Animals 70
Relations Between Excitation and Inhibition, Delimitation Between Excitation and Inhibition, Experimental Neuroses in Dogs 72
Normal and Pathological States ‘of the Cerebral Hemispheres 87
Inhibitory Type of Nervous System in Dogs 100
Internal Inhibition and Sleep Are Essentially the Same Physico- chemical Process 109
Transitional Phases Between the Animal’s Waking and Complete Sleep (Hypnotic Phases) 126
Different Types of Nervous System. Pathological States of the Cerebral Hemispheres as a Result of Functional Influences Exerted on Them 147
Pathological States of the Cerebral Hemispheres ¢ as a Result of Functional Influences Exerted on Them 167
Application to Man of Experimental Data Obtained on Animals 187
Physiological Teaching on Types of Nervous System or Temperaments 208
Some Problems of the Physiology of the Cerebral Hemispheres 220
An Attempt of a Physiologist to Digress into the Domain of Psychiatry 225
Physiology of the Hypnotic State of the Dog 232
On Neuroses in Man and Animals 247
Experimental Neuroses 251
Essay on the Physiological Concept of the Symptomatology of Hysteria 295
Physiology of Higher Nervous Activity 282
Example of an Experimentally Produced Neurosis and ‘Tts Cure in a Weak Type of Nervous System 298
Feelings of Possession (Les Sentiments d’Emprise) and the Ultraparadoxical Phase 303
Attempt at a Physiological Interpretation of Compulsive Neurosis and Paranoia 309
General Types of Animal and Human Higher Nervous Activity 325
Experimental Pathology of the Higher Nervous Activity 355
The Conditioned Reflex 378
Types of Higher Nervous Activity, “Their Relationship to Neuroses and Psychoses and the Physiological Mechanism of Neurotic and Psychotic Symptoms 387
The Problem of Sleep 393

Articles, Notes, Indexes

Prof. Y. Popov, Pavlov’s Physiological Teaching and Psychiatry 415
Prof. L. Rokhlin, Pavlovian Conception of Schizophrenia 454
NOTES (Compiled by Prof. L. Rokhlin) 505

NAME INDEX 531

SUBJECT INDEX 533

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The Rare Earth Elements – Trifonov

In this post, we will see the book The Rare Earth Elements by D. N. Trifonov.

About the book

Certain elements and their compounds, previously considered rare and of no practical interest, are being introduced on a large scale in industry to meet the growing demands of the modern world.

The family of rare-earth elements (lanthanides), which in­cludes approximately one-fifth of all the metals occurring on the earth, is of very great interest for several reasons. The peculiar physical and chemical properties of the lanthanides and their compounds, and their relatively high abundance on the earth’s crust, have engaged the attention not only of individuals taking an interest in science but also of entire scientific bodies. Un­fortunately, however, the scale on which these elements are used in Soviet industry is far from adequate. This is so, although the Soviet Union possesses very rich deposits of rare-earth ores and all that is necessary for their extensive application in industry and, in particular, in metallurgy.

The author, a research worker at the Institute of the History of Science and Technology of the Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R. has given an account, which is both lively and easily intelligible, of the long and extremely involved history of the discovery of these elements, their properties, the methods for their separation, the present state of the problem and some prospects of future developments in this branch of chemistry.

Although the book is primarily intended for laymen, special­ists also are likely to find some interesting facts in it. It is to be hoped that the engaging story told here will not only succeed in creating an interest for this field among people with little knowledge of it but also help those concerned with bordering domains of science and technology to form a clearer concep­tion of the immense potentialities inherent in the extensive use of these elements, which possess such unique properties.

The book was translated from Russian by Prasenjit Basu and was edited by R. C. Vickery, published in 1963

Credits to original uploader.

You can get the book here.

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Contents

English Editor’s Foreword vii
Russian Editor’s Foreword viii
Author’s Preface ix
Introduction xiii

Chapter I. History of the discovery of rare-earth elements 1

1. A mineral from Ytterby 2
2. Modern times——new “earths” 4
3. The “submerged rock” of the periodic system 7
4. The elusive Element 61 16
5. The role of Russian scientists in the study of the rare-earth elements 24

Chapter II. Why is the family of rare-earth elements peculiar? 25

1. The periodic system and the structure of electronic shells 25
2. The properties of the rare-earth elements in the light of their electronic structure 35
3. A brief account of the geochemistry of the rare-earth elements 43

Chapter III. The properties of the rare-earth elements and methods for their separation

1. The physical and chemical properties of the rare-earth elements 52
2. From the mineral to the pure metals 52

Chapter IV. Practical applications of the rare-earth elements 73

Chapter V. The present state of the problem of the rare-earth elements 93

1. Once more on the position of the rare-earth elements in the periodic system 93
2. Lanthanides and actinides 96
3. Nuclear chemistry of the rare-earth elements 10]
4. Another periodic system 107
5. Does prometheum exist in nature ? 109
6. The origin of the elements 111

Conclusion 115
Notes 119
Suggested Further Reading 125
Index 127

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Theoretical Physics And Astrophysics – Ginzburg

In this post, we will see the book Theoretical Physics And Astrophysics by V. L. Ginzburg.

About the book

The basis of the exposition was a lecture course for students in the physics and astrophysics departments of the Moscow Physico-Technical Institute. These lectures were not meant to replace a systematic course and had just the charac­ter of ’capita selecta’ taking into account the interests of the department and not least the interests and capabilities of the author. Of course, we are not saying that the problems which the author at a particular moment in the page was occupied with are more important or more interesting than many other. It is simply the case that merely presenting more or less moved by the material with which he is well familiar, the author may perhaps hope to supplement existing texts and monographs without checking whether he is rewriting to some extent duplicating them.

As to the nature of the exposition one should note that we are dealing here not with lectures which are written out but with a special text specially pre­pared for these lectures, in which rather often we have also included material which is not very suitable and in fact was not used for the lectures themselves (that is, for the oral presentation). In this respect the book is in style close to a monograph or a review article which finds reflection also in the rather large number of references to the literature. As amongst those there is a large number of references to work by the author, we emphasize that this, like the choice of material, is completely unconnected with any pretentions, but caused by the tendency, already mentioned, to touch only upon very familiar problems which were dealt with in detail in the papers referred to; moreover, a whole number of such papers were used directly in the text.

We note, finally, that the book is definitely not intended for people with a mathematical inclination — such as “pure” theoretical physicists. The excep­tionally large role played by mathematics in theoretical physics is completely unquestionable and natural, but aiming at mathematical generality and rigour is by far not always justified — one must pay for this. It is generally known, in particular, that most new physical results have been obtained by relatively simple means while the ‘mathematization’ occurred only in the later stages. At any rate, physics, and not mathematics is the main point of theoretical physics. An exposition of theoretical problem with a ‘general physics’ bias is at least as permissible as the nowadays more widely propagated tendency to mathematical perfection.

One may hope that this book will turn out to be useful for graduate students and also for post-doctoral and research workers.

The book was translated from Russian by D. ter Haar and was published in 1979.

Credits to original uploader.

You can get the book here.

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Contents

PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH EDITION

PREFACE TO THE RUSSIAN EDITION

CHAPTER I. THE HAMILTONIAN APPROACH TO ELECTRODYNAMICS

CHAPTER II. RADIATION REACTION

CHAPTER III. UNIFORMLY ACCELERATED CHARGE

CHAPTER IV. RADIATION OF A MOVING PARTICLE

CHAPTER V. SYNCHROTRON RADIATION

CHAPTER VI. ELECTRODYNAMICS OF A CONTINUOUS MEDIUM

CHAPTER VII. CHERENKOV EFFECT, DOPPLER EFFECT, TRANSITION RADIATION

CHAPTER VIII. ON SUPERLUMINAL RADIATION SOURCES

CHAPTER IX. REABSORPTION AND RADIATIVE TRANSFER

CHAPTER X. ELECTRODYNAMICS OF MEDIA WITH SPATIAL DISPERSION

CHAPTER XI. DIELECTRIC PERMITTIVITY AND WAVE PROPAGATION IN A PLASMA

CHAPTER XII. THE ENERGY-MOMENTUM TENSOR IN MACROSCOPIC ELECTRODYNAMICS

CHAPTER XIII. FLUCTUATIONS AND VAN DER WAALS FORCES

CHAPTER XIV. SCATTERING OF WAVES IN A MEDIUM

CHAPTER XV. COSMIC RAY ASTROPHYSICS

CHAPTER XVI. X-RAY ASTRONOMY

CHAPTER XVII. GAMMA ASTRONOMY

REFERENCES

INDEX

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Students – Trifonov

In this post, we will see the book Students by Yuri Trifonov.

About the book

This book by Yuri Trifonov is about Moscow student life in the postwar years. The reader is taken into the lecture halls, the club and hostel be­longing to the Institute Trifo­nov’s students attend. Here is shown the relationship be­tween Soviet students and professors, the wide range of the students’ interests, their constant contact with the masses and with the life of the whole country. And all this is expressed with an artistic verac­ity that makes the characters live long in the memory.
For this book Y. Trifonov has been awarded a Stalin Prize.

The book was translated from Russian by Ivy Litvinova and Margaret Wettlin, and designed by A. A. Vasin. The book was published in 1953 by Foreign Languages Publishing House.

Credits to original uploader.

You can get the book here.

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Uzbekistan Speaks – Short Stories

In this post, we will see the book Uzbekistan Speaks (Short Stories). The book is a part of LIBRARY OF SOVIET SHORT STORIES series.

About the book

The book is a collection of six short stories by Uzbeg authors.

The book was translated from Russian by G. Hanna, D. Skvirsky and designed by Y. Rakuzin. The book was published in 1958 by Foreign Languages Publishing House.

Credits to original uploader.

You can get the book here.

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Contents

Two Chapters from Naval by Aibeck (Musa Tashmuhammedov) 5
Sisters by Askad Mukhtar 45
The Healer of theBlind by Abdullah Kahhar 87
Shirin Comes by Aidyn (Manzura Sabirova) 117
New Year’s Party by Rahmat Faizi 127
The First Step by Sa’ida Zunnunova 143
The Authors 154

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General Physics – Vols 1 and 2 – Savelyev (LaTeX Versions)

In this post we will see the two of the three volume set Physics – A General Course by I. V. Savelyev completely typeset in LaTeX.

I have done everything in my power to acquaint students with the basic ideas and methods of physics and to teach them how to think physically. This is why the book is not encyclopedic in its nature. It is mainly devoted to explaining the meaning of physical laws and showing how to apply them consciously. What I have tried to achieve is a deep knowledge of the fundamental principles of physics rather than a shallower acquaintance with a wide range of questions.

While using the book, try not to memorize the material formalistically and mechanically, but logically, i.e. memorize the material by thoroughly understanding it. I have tried to present physics not as a science for “cramming”, not as a certain volume of information to be memorized, but as a clever, logical, and attractive science.

Notwithstanding my desire to reduce the size, I considered it essential to include a number of mathematical sections in the course: on vectors, linear differential equations, the basic concepts of the theory of probability, etc. This was done to impart a “physical” tinge to the relevant concepts and relations. In addition, the mathematical “inclusions” make it possible to go on with the physics even if, as is often the case, the relevant material has not yet been covered in a mathematics course.
The present course is intended above all for higher technical schools with an extended syllabus in physics. The material has been arranged, however, so that the book can be used as a teaching aid for higher technical schools with an ordinary syllabus simply by omitting some section

The books were translated from the Russian by G. Leib and were first publised in 1980, this copy is the third reprint in 1989.

Link for the new LaTeX version Volume 1

Link for the new LaTeX version Volume 2

All credits to Leandro Acquaroli | lnacquaroli 

Git repo for the books

(Volume 3 is not done yet)

 

Link to the original post and scans

Continue reading

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Methods Of Quantum Field Theory In Statistical Physics – Abrikosov, Gorkov, Dzyaloshinski

In this post, we will see the book Methods Of Quantum Field Theory In Statistical Physics by A. A. Abrikosov; L. P. Gorkov; I. E. Dzyaloshinski.

About the book

In recent years, remarkable success has been achieved in statistical physics, due to the extensive use of meth­ods borrowed from quantum field theory. The fruitful­ness of these methods is associated with a new formula­tion of perturbation theory, primarily with the application of “Feynman diagrams.” The basic advantage of the diagram technique lies in its intuitive character: Operat­ing with one-particle concepts, we can use the tech­nique to determine the structure of any approximation, and we can then write down the required expressions with the aid of correspondence rules. These new methods make it possible not only to solve a large number of problems which did not yield to the old formulation of the theory, but also to obtain many new relations of a general character. At present, these are the most power­ful and effective methods available in quantum statistics.

There now exists an extensive and very scattered journal literature devoted to the formulation of field theory methods in quantum statistics and their applica­tion to specific problems. However, familiarity with these methods is not widespread among scientists working in statistical physics. Therefore, in our opinion, the time has come to present a connected account of this subject, which is both sufficiently complete and accessible to the general reader.

Some words are now in order concerning the material in this book. In the first place, we have always tried to exhibit the practical character of the new methods. Con­sequently, besides a detailed treatment of the relevant mathematical apparatus, the book contains a discussion of various special problems encountered in quantum statistics. Naturally, the topics dealt with here do not exhaust recent accomplishments in the field. In fact, our choice of subject matter is dictated both by the extent of its general physical interest and by its suitability as material illustrating the general method.

We have confined ourselves to just one of the possible formulations of quantum statistics in field theory lan­guage. For example, we do not say anything about the methods developed by Hugenholtz, and by Bloch and de Dominicis. From our point of view, the simplest and most convenient method is that based on the use of Green’s functions, and it is this method which is taken as fundamental in the present book.

It is assumed that the reader is familiar with the ele­ments of statistical physics and quantum mechanics. The method of second quantization, as well as all in­formation needed to derive the field theory methods used here, can be found in Chapter 1. This chapter is of an introductory character, and contains a brief exposi­tion of contemporary ideas on the nature of energy spectra, together with some simple examples.

The book was translated from Russian by Richard Silverman was published in 1963.

Credits to original uploader.

You can get the book here.

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Contents

1. GENERAL PROPERTIES OF MANY-PARTICLE
SYSTEMS AT LOW TEMPERATURES, Page 1.

1. Elementary Excitations. The Energy Spectrum and Properties of Liquid He* at Low Temperatures, 1.

1.1: Introduction. Quasi-particles, 1.
1.2: The spectrum of a Bose liquid, 6.
1.3: Superfluidity, 11.

2. The Fermi Liquid, 15.

2.1: Excitations in a Fermi liquid, 15.
2.2: The energy of the quasi-particles, 18.
2.3: Sound, 23.

3. Second Quantization, 28.

4. The Dilute Bose Gas, 31.

5. The Dilute Fermi Gas, 36.

2. METHODS OF QUANTUM FIELD THEORY FOR T = 0, Page 43.

6. The Interaction Representation, 43.

7. The Green’s Function, 51.

7.1: Definition. Free-particle Green’s functions, 51.
7.2: Analytic properties, 55.
7.3: The physical meaning of the poles, 59. 7.4: The Green’s function of a system in an external field, 63.

8. Basic Principles of the Diagram Technique, 64.

8.1: Transformation from the variable N to the variable p, 64.
8.2: Wick’s theorem, 66.
8.3: Feynman diagrams, 68.

9. Rules for Constructing Diagrams for Interactions of Various Types, 71.

9.1: The diagram technique in coordinate space. Examples, 71.
9.2: The diagram technique in momentum space. Examples, 80.

10. Dyson’s Equation. The Vertex Part. Many-Particle Green’s Functions, 85.

10.1: Sums of diagrams. Dyson’s equation, 85.
10.2: Vertex parts. Many-particle Green’s functions, 89.
10.3: The ground-state energy, 95.

3. THE DIAGRAM TECHNIQUE FOR T ≠ 0, Page 97.

11. Temperature Green’s Functions, 97.

11.1: General properties, 97.
11.2: Temperature Green’s functions for free particles, 102.

12. Perturbation Theory, 103.

12.1: The interaction representation, 103.
12.2: Wick’s theorem, 106.

13. The Diagram Technique in Coordinate Space. Examples, 111.

14. The Diagram Technique in Momentum Space, 120.

14.1: Transformation to momentum space, 120.
14.2: Examples, 123.

15. The Perturbation Series for the Thermodynamic Potential Q, 130.

16. Dyson’s Equation. Many-Particle Green’s Functions, 135.

16.1: Dyson’s equation, 135.
16.2: Relation between the Green’s functions and the thermodynamic potential Q, 139.

17. Time-Dependent Green’s Functions for T ≠ 0. Analytic Properties of the Green’s Functions, 144.

4. THEORY OF THE FERMI LIQUID, Page 154.

18. Properties of the Vertex Part for Small Momentum Transfer. Zero Sound, 154.

19. Effective Mass. Relation Between the Fermi Momentum and the Particle Number. Excitations of the Bose Type. Heat Capacity, 160.

19.1: Some useful relations, 160.
19.2: Basic relations of the theory of the Fermi liquid, 162.
19.3: Excitations of the Bose type, 165.
19.4: Another derivation of the relation between the Fermi momentum
and the particle number, 166.
19.5: Heat capacity, 169.

20. Singularities of the Vertex Part When the Total Momentum of the Colliding Particles is Small, 172.

21. Electron-Phonon Interactions, 176.

21.1: The vertex part, 176.
21.1: The phonon Green’s function, 178.
21.3: The electron Green’s function, 182.
21.4: Correction to the linear term in the electronic heat capacity, 188.

22. Some Properties of a Degenerate Plasma, 189.

22.1: Statement of the problem, 189.
22.2: The vertex part for small momentum transfer, 191.
22.3: The electron spectrum, 195.
22.4: Thermodynamic functions, 200.

5. SYSTEMS OF INTERACTING BOSONS, Page 204.

23. Application of Field Theory Methods to a System of Interacting Bosons for T = 0, 204.

24. The Green’s Functions, 213.

24.1: Structure of the equations, 213.
24.2: Analytic properties of the Green’s functions, 217.
24.3: Behavior of the Green’s functions for small momenta, 221.

25. The Dilute Nonideal Bose Gas, 222.

25.1: The diagram technique, 222.
25.2: Relation between the chemical potential and the self-energy parts of the one-particle Green’s functions, 224.
25.3: The low-density approximation, 228.
25.4: The effective interaction potential, 231.
25.5: The Green’s function of a Bose gas in the low-density approximation. The spectrum, 234.

26. Properties of the Spectrum of One-Particle Excitations Near the Cutoff Point, 235.

26.1: Statement of the problem, 235.
26.2: The basic system of equations, 237.
26.3: Properties of the spectrum near the threshold for phonon creation, 240.
26.4: Properties of the spectrum near the threshold for decay into two excitations with parallel nonzero momenta, 243.
26.5: Decay into two excitations emitted at an angle with each other, 245.

27. Application of Field Theory Methods to a System of Interacting Bosons for T ≠ 0, 247.

6. ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION IN AN ABSORBING MEDIUM, Page 252.

28. The Green’s Functions of Radiation in an Absorbing Medium, 252.
29. Calculation of the Dielectric Constant, 259.
30. Van der Waals Forces in an Inhomogeneous Dielectric, 263.

31. Molecular Interaction Forces, 268.

31.1: Interaction forces between solid bodies, 268.
31.2: Interaction forces between molecules in a solution, 275.
31.3: A thin liquid film on the surface of a solid body, 277.

7. THEORY OF SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, Page 280.

32. Background Information. Choice of a Model, 280.

32.1: The phenomenon of superconductivity, 280.
32.2: The model. The interaction Hamiltonian, 282.

33. The Cooper Phenomenon. Instability of the Ground State of a System of Noninteracting Fermions With Respect to Arbitrarily Weak Attraction Between the Particles, 284.

33.1: The equation for the vertex part, 284.
33.2: Properties of the vertex part, 287.
33.3: Determination of the critical temperature, 289.

34. The Basic System of Equations for a Superconductor 291

34.1: A superconductor at absolute zero, 291
34.2: The equations in the presence of an external electromagnetic field. Gauge invariance, 296
34.3: A superconductor at finite temperatures, 297

35. Derivation of the Equations of the Theory of Superconductivity in the Phonon Model, 299

36. The Thermodynamics of Superconductors, 303

36.1: Temperature dependence of the energy gap, 303.
36.2: Heat capacity, 304. 36.3: The critical magnetic field, 306.

37. A Superconductor in a Weak Electromagnetic Field 308.

37.1: A weak constant magnetic field, 308
37.2: A superconductor in an alternating field, 315
38. Properties of a Superconductor in an Arbitrary Magnetic Field Near the Critical Temperature, 320.

39. Theory of Superconducting Alloys 325

39.1: Statement of the problem, 325
39.2: The residual resistance of a normal metal, 327
39.3: Electromagnetic properties of superconducting alloys 334

BIBLIOGRAPHY Page 342
NAME INDEX Page 347
SUBJECT INDEX Page 349

 

 

 

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Solid State Physics – Epifanov (LaTeX version)

In this post, we will see the completely electronic LaTeX version of the  book Solid State Physics by G. I. Epifanov.

 

Epifanov-Solid-State-Physics-Mir-1979.jpg

About the book

This is a classic book on the topic of solid state physics. and covers the various topics comprehensively. Starting from the structure of matter and various types of bonds in the first chapter the mechanical properties are treated in the second chapter. The second chapter also includes a discussion of Hooke’s Law, plastic flow, dislocations, elasticity etc. The third chapter deals with statistical mechanics and discusses degenerate and non-degenerate ensembles and various distribution functions. The fourth chapter looks at thermal properties of solids with reference to crystal lattice, heat capacity, heat conductivity etc. The fifth chapter discusses band theory of solids with reference to energy spectrum, effective mass and semiconductors. Some of the graphs in this chapter are revealing of the physical processes in the working of band structure. Sixth and seventh chapter deal with electrical and magnetic properties of solids. Sixth chapter also discusses deviations from Ohm’s Law (Section 58). Seventh chapter includes discssion on various types of magnetism their origins, and magnetic properties of solids and atoms along with magnetic resonance.  Eighth chapter discusses contact phenomenon, work functions between different of materials including p-n junctions. The last chapter discusses thermoelectric and galvanomagnetic phenomena including Seeback effect, Peltier effect, Thomson effect and some of their practical applications.

As in the first edition, the presentation of material has followed the aim of elucidating the physical nature of the phenomena dis­cussed. But, where possible, the qualitative relations are also pre­sented, often though without rigorous mathematics.

Some snapshots from the book – all the images have been redrawn meticulously!

 

The book was translated from the Russian by Mark Samokhvalov and was published by Mir in 1979.

Link for the new LaTeX version

All credits to Leandro Acquaroli | lnacquaroli 

Git repo for the book

Link to Original Scan

 

Contents

Preface 5

 

1 Bonding. The Internal Structure of Solids

 

§ 1 The van der Waals forces 11

§ 2 The ionic bond 15

§ 3 The covalent bond 16

§ 4 The metallic bond 21

§ 5 The hydrogen bond 22

§ 6 Comparison between bonds of various kinds 23

§ 7 Forces of repulsion 24

§ 8 Crystal lattice 25

§ 9 Notation used to describe sites, directions, and planes in a crystal 29

§10 Classification of solids based on the nature of bonds 32

§11 Polymorphism 38

§12 Imperfections and defects of the crystal lattice 42

 

2 Mechanical Properties of Solids

 

§ 13 Elastic and plastic deformations. Hooke’s law 46

§ 14 Principal laws governing plastic flow in crystals 51

§ 15 Mechanical twinning 55

§ 16 Theoretical and real shear strengths of crystals 56

§ 17 The dislocation concept. Principal types of dislocations 58

§ 18 Forces needed to move dislocations 64

§ 19 Sources of dislocations. Strengthening of crystals 66

§ 20 Brittle strength of solids 71

§ 21 Time dependence of the strength of solids 77

§ 22 Methods of increasing the strength of solids 81

 

3 Elements of Physical Statistics

§ 23 Methods used to describe the state of a macroscopic system 84

§ 24 Degenerate and nondegenerate ensembles 88

§ 25 The number of states for microscopic particles 91

§ 26 Distribution function for a nondegenerate gas 94

§ 27 Distribution function for a degenerate fermion gas 96

§ 28 Distribution function for a degenerate boson gas 103

§ 29 Rules for statistical averaging 105

 

4 Thermal Properties of Solids

§ 30 Normal modes of a lattice 107

§ 31 Normal modes spectrum of a lattice 110

§ 32 Phonons 112

§ 33 Heat capacity of solids 115

§ 34 Heat capacity of electron gas 120

§ 35 Thermal expansion of solids 122

§ 36 Heat conductivity of solids 126

 

5 The Band Theory of Solids

 

§ 37 Electron energy levels of a free atom 133

§ 38 Collectivization of electrons in a crystal 136

§ 39 Energy spectrum of electrons in a crystal 138

§ 40 Dependence of electron energy on the wave vector 142

§ 41 Effective mass of the electron 147

§ 42 Occupation of bands by electrons. Conductors,dielectrics, and semiconductors 151

§ 43 Intrinsic semiconductors. The concept of a hole 153

§ 44 Impurity semiconductors 156

§ 45 Position of the Fermi level and free carrier concentration in semiconductors 159

§ 46 Nonequilibrium carriers 166

 

6 Electrical Conductivity of Solids

 

§ 47 Equilibrium state of electron gas in a conductor in the absence of an electric field 169

§ 48 Electron drift in an electric field 170

§ 49 Relaxation time and mean free path 171

§ 50 Specific conductance of a conductor 173

§ 51 Electrical conductivity of nondegenerate and degenerate gases 174

§ 52 Wiedemann-Franz-Lorenz law 176

§ 53 Temperature dependence of carrier mobility 177

§ 54 Electrical conductivity of pure metals 183

§ 55 Electrical conductivity of metal alloys 184

§ 56 Intrinsic conductivity of semiconductors 188

§ 57 Impurity (extrinsic) conductivity of semiconductors 190

§ 58 Deviation from Ohm’s law. The effect ofa strong field 193

§ 59 The Gunn effect 195

§ 60 Photoconductivity of semiconductors 196

§ 61 Luminescence 203

§ 62 Fundamentals of superconductivity 207

 

7 Magnetic Properties of Solids

 

§ 63 Magnetic field in magnetic materials 224

§ 64 Magnetic properties of solids 225

§ 65 Magnetic properties of atoms 232

§ 66 Origin of diamagnetism 238

§ 67 Origin of paramagnetism 240

§ 68 Origin of ferromagnetism 247

§ 69 Antiferromagnetism 254

§ 70 Ferrimagnetism. Ferrites 255 § 71 Magnetic resonance 257

§ 72 Fundamentals of quantum electronics 259

 

8 Contact Phenomena

 

§ 73 Work function 265

§ 74 Contact of two metals 268

§ 75 The metal-semiconductor contact 271

§ 76 Contact between two semiconductors of different types of conductivity 278

§ 77 Physical principles of semiconductor p~n junction devices 288 § 78 Fundamentals of integrated circuit electronics (microelectron­

ics) 299

 

9 Thermoeleletric and Galvanomagnetic Phenomena

 

§ 79 The Seebeck effect 302.

§ 80 The Peltier effect 307

§ 81 The Thomson effect 310

§ 82 Galvanomagnetic phenomena 310

§ 83 Practical applications of thermoelectric and galvanomag­netic phenomena 315

 

 

Appendices

 

I Derivation of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution function 317

II Derivation of the Fermi-Dirac distribution function 318

III Derivation of the Bose-Einstein distribution function 320

IV Tables 321

 

Glossary of Symbols and Notations 322

Bibliography 326 Index 329

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Interplanetary Travel – Sternfeld

In this post, we will see the book Interplanetary Travel by A. Sternfeld.

About the book

This hook is based mainly on materials published earlier by the writer, but emphasis is placed on problems connected with artificial satellites, the launching of which has marked the first step on mans way into interplanetary space. Investigation of the Earth and the space surrounding it by means of artificial satellites is an integral
part of the programme of the International Geophysical Year (July 1957-December 1958) a scientific undertaking of extraordinary scope. All nations of the world, whose representatives meet annually at international astronautical congresses, participate in observing these man-created moons. The International Astronautical Federation units the national astronautical societies of over twenty countries, and has a growing membership. It is up to the peoples to decide to what degree their efforts be creative and not destructive so that the next steps into the cosmos will be seven-league.

The book was translated from Russian by Geroge Yankovsky and was published in 1958 by Foreign Languages Publishing House .

Credits to original uploader.

You can get the book here.

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Add new entries to the detailed book catalog here.

Contents

Introduction 5
From Legend to Science in Space Flight 8

I. SPACE VEHICLES

1. Escape from the Earth 12
2. Rocket—Prototype of Spaceship 17
3. Artificial Satellites 21
4. Assembling the Satellite 32
5. Space Craft in Design 33

II. MAN IN OUTER SPACE

1. High Speeds Are Harmless 38
2. In the World of Overweight 39
3. Life in Conditions of Weightlessness 41
4. Artificial Gravity 48
5. Problems of Eating and Breathing 49
6. The Hazards of Space Flight 50
7. Preparing for a Flight into Space 55

III. ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES AND THEIR OBSERVATION

1. Orbiting Artificial Satellites 58
2. A Stationary Artificial Satellite 65
3. Observing Artificial Satellites 66
4. The Movements of Celestial Bodies Viewed from Artificial Satellites 79
5. Days, Nights and Seasons on Artificial Satellites 82

IV. ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES PUT TO USE

1. Flying Observatories and Laboratories 85
2. Artificial Satellites as Interplanetary Stations 95
3. The Problem of Natural cia savin Stations 99

V. ON BOARD THE SPACESHIP

1. Take-off 101
2. In Flight 103
3. Landing 106

VI. SPACE FLIGHT

1. A Trip to the Moon 108
2. Mission to Mars 111
3. A Voyage to Venus 116
4. Journeys to Other Worlds 120

Conclusion 124

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