In this post, we will see the book *Theoretical Electrochemistry* by L. I. Antropov.

About the book (from the Preface)

In selecting the material and the order of presentation for this work I have been guided by the definition of electrochemistry, given by Kislyakovsky in 1912, as the science “concerned with the study of the phenomena accompanying the direct conversion of chemical energy into electrical and vice versa”. This definition was taken further by Pisarzhevsky, who was the first to formulate clearly the prerequisites for mutual conversion of chemical and electrical forms of energy and introduce the concept of electrochemical system in which this process is possible. Our presentation is based on the theory of electrochemical systems, their constituent parts and their possible states. It seems to me that these principles permit one to visualize electrochemistry as an integral whole and independent, self-contained discipline and clearly define the boundaries separatum it from closely related sciences.

Much attention is paid to disclosing the physical content of electrochemical phenomena and the essence of the related theoretical conceptions The mathematical apparatus is relatively simple, and only the general principles of electrochemical experiment are given. Experimental procedures are described in more detail only where it is necessary for the understanding of the nature of the process in question or the essence of the theoretical views concerned.

In writing this textbook I have tried to cover all the basic aspects of theoretical electrochemistry and to reflect as completely as possible the latest advances and trends in its development. I hope that this has been accomplished to some extent but though I have tried to be objective I have probably not avoided a certain preference what seemed to me more correct, and particularly more important and interesting. In this connection it would seem appropriate to recall Mendeleyev’s words in the preface to the fifth edition of his famous “Fundamentals of Chemistry”: – `in all objective expositions of science, there will always and inevitably be much that is subjective, bearing the stamp of the times and place… separate works, like a mirror, will reflect that which is near more clearly and strongly… although I have striven to make my book a true mirror—what is dear to me has involuntarily been reflected most sharply and illuminated more clearly, and presented, through the reflection, in all its pristine brightness’. The truth of these words has probably been felt by everyone who has tried to generalize the material of any science or branch of it.

The book was translated from the Russian by *Artavaz Beknararov*. And was published by Mir in 1972.

Many thanks to *Akbar Azimi* for original scans.

Some pages might have warping, but the book is readable.

**CONTENTS**

Principal Symbols

Introduction

**PART ONE EQUILIBRIUM IN ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS**

Chapter 1. Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation 33

Chapter 2. Theory of Ionic Interaction 45

Chapter 3. Solvation and Hydration of Ions 69

**PART TWO NONEQUILIBRIUM PHENOMENA IN ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTIONS**

Chapter 4. Electrical Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions 102

Chapter 5. Theoretical Interpretation of the Electrical Conductance of Electrolytes 123

Chapter 6. Diffusion in Electrolyte Solutions 142

**PART THREE ELECTRODE EQUILIBRIUM**

Chapter 7. Equilibrium Electrode Potential 155

Chapter 8. Electrochemical Systems 190

Chapter 9. The Mechanism of Buildup of Electromotive Force and the Nature of Electrode Potentials 209

**PART FOUR THE ELECTRICAL DOUBLE LAYER AT THE ELECTRODE-ELECTROLYTE INTERFACE**

Chapter 10. Electrokinetic and Electrocapillary Phenomena 243

Chapter 11. The Structure of the Electric Double Layer at the Electrode-Electrolyte Interface 282

**PART FIVE NONEQUILIBRIUM (IRREVERSIBLE) ELECTRODE PROCESSES**

Chapter 12. The Chemical Effect of Electric Current 297

Chapter 13. The Kinetics of Electrode Processes 308

Chapter 14. Concentration Polarization 317

Chapter 15. Phase Overpotential 343

Chapter 16. Electrochemical Overpotential 360

Chapter 17 Some Methods of Investigating Electrode Kinetics 388

Chapter 18 Polarography 395

**PART SIX THE KINETICS OF SOME ELECTRODE PROCESSES**

Chapter 19 The Hydrogen Evolution Reaction 411

Chapter 20 The Kinetics of the Oxygen Evolution Reaction 442

Chapter 21 The Kinetics of Electrochemical Reduction and Oxidation 452

Chapter 22 Electrodeposition of Metals from Solutions 477

Chapter 23 Electrochemical Dissolution and Passivity of Metals

Chapter 24 Electrochemical Corrosion of Metals 511

Chapter 25 Some Problems of Modern Electrochemistry 538

Bibliography 548

Name Index 551

Subject Index 555