A History of Classical Sociology – Kon

In this post, we will see the book A History of Classical Sociology by Igor Kon (Ed.).

Kon_History_of_Classical_Sociology_0000

About the book
This is a study of the shaping and development of sociology in Western Europe, the United States, and Russia at the turn of the century, a period particularly important for the establishing of sociology as an independent discipline. The authors examine its development from social philosophy to sociology proper, and discuss how it grew from the rather vague programme it was, for example, in the conceptions of Auguste Comte, into a leading social science at the beginning of the twentieth century. They trace how it developed its conceptual apparatus, and how it began a systematic treatment of problems of the methodo­logy and techniques of research.
The contribution to sociology of the great spokesmen of its classical period, like Tönnies, Simmel, Durkheim, Max Weber, and Pareto, are examined in detail. Essays on the history of so­ciology of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the West and in pre-revolutionary Russia, written from a Marxian standpoint.

 

The book was translated from the Russian by H. Campbell Creighton,  and was published by Progress Publishers in 1989.

The book seems to be scanned and converted to text (perhaps a word file?), as the formatting does not seem to match other texts from that time or the cover.

All credits to IA user Kahonor

The Internet Archive link

Contents

 

CONTENTS

Introduction (by Igor Kon) 5

1. From Social Philosophy to Sociology (by Igor Kon) 9

2. Auguste Comte and the Origin of Positivist Sociology (by Elena Osipova) 22

3. Herbert Spencer’s Sociological Conception (by Igor Kon) 43

4. Naturalism in Sociology of the Turn of the Century (by Alexander Hofman and Alexander Kovalev) 57

5. The Psychological Sociology of the Turn of the Century (by Igor Kon) 96

6. Empirical Social Studies in the Nineteenth Century (by Marina Kovaleva) 122

7. The Crisis of Evolutionism and the Antipositivist Trends in Sociology at the Turn of the
Century (by Igor Kon) 151

8. K. Ferdinand Tonnies’ Sociological Conception (by Leonid Ionin) 173

9. Georg Simmel’s Sociology (by Leonid Ionin) 189

10. Emile Durkheim’s Sociology (by Elena Osipova) 206

11. The Sociology of Max Weber (by Piama Haidenko) 255

12. The Sociological System of Vilfredo Pareto (by Elena Osipova) 312

13. Sociology in Prerevolutionary Russia (by Igor Golosenko) 337

Conclusion (by Igor Kon) 357

Subject Index

Name Index

 

INTRODUCTION 8

Notes 9

1 FROM SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY TO SOCIOLOGY 1 1

1 . The Ideological and Theoretical Premisses of Sociological Knowledge 11

2. The Social and Class Premisses of Sociology 14

Notes 17

2 AUGUSTE COMTE AND THE ORIGIN OF POSITIVIST SOCIOLOGY 19

1 . Comte and His Time 19

2. The Classification of the Sciences 20

3. The Subject-matter and Tasks of Sociology 21

4. The Methods of Sociology 22

5. Social Statics 24

6. Social Dynamics 25

7. The Positive Polity 27

8. Comte’s Place in the History of Sociology 28

Notes 29

3 HERBERT SPENCER’S SOCIOLOGICAL CONCEPTION 31

1 . Spencer and His Time 31

2. The Subject-matter of Sociology 32

3. Organicism and Evolutionism 33

4. Spencer’s Place in the History of Sociology 36

Notes 37

4 NATURALISM IN SOCIOLOGY OF THE TURN OF THE CENTURY 39

1. Evolutionism — the Basis of the Naturalistic Schools of Sociology 39

2. The Mechanistic School 40

3. The Geographical School 41

4. The Racial, Anthropological School 46

5. The Bio-Organic School 48

6. The Social Darwinist School 51

*** 57

Notes 58

5 THE PSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGY OF THE TURN OF THE CENTURY 61

1. Psychology and Sociology in the Nineteenth Century 61

2. Psychological Evolutionism 62

3. Instinctivism 63

4. Folk Psychology 65

5. Group Psychology and the Theory of Imitation 66

6. The Birth of Interactionism 71

7. Psychological Sociology in the Historical Perspective 73

Notes 74

6 EMPIRICAL SOCIAL STUDIES IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY 75

1. Empirical Social Studies in the United Kingdom 76

2. Empirical Social Studies in France 80

3. Empirical Social Research in Germany 86

Notes 89

7 THE CRISIS OF EVOLUTIONISM AND THE ANTIPOSITIVIST TRENDS IN
SOCIOLOGY AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY 91

1. The Methodological Situation in Social Science at the Turn of the Century 91

2. The Changes in the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Dilthey and Neo-Kantianism 94

3. The Position of Sociology 99

Notes 102

8 FERDINAND TONNES’ SOCIOLOGICAL CONCEPTION 104

Notes 112

9 GEORG SIMMEL’S SOCIOLOGY 1 13

Life and Activity 113

1. The Origin and Main Problem of Sociology 113

2. Form and Content. The Project of Formal Sociology 114

3. Patterns of Social Forms 1 14

4. Philosophical Sociology. The Theory of Understanding 116

5. Historical Sociology 117

6. Analysis of the ‘Spirit of Modernity’ 118

7. A Critical Assessment of Simmel’s Sociology 120

8. The Scientific Significance of Simmel’s Conception 121

Notes 121

10 EMILE DURKHEIM’S SOCIOLOGY 123

1 . Durkheim’s Socio-Political Position 123

2. The Subject-Matter of Sociology and Its Place Among the Other Social Sciences 125

3. ‘Sociologism’ as a Theory of Society 127

4. The Rules of Sociological Method 1 29

5. Social Solidarity and the Division of Labour 132

6. ‘Abnormal’ Forms of the Division of Labour. Personality and Society 134

7. Application of the Principles of ‘Sociologism’ to Study of the Causes of Suicide 137

8. The Philosophical and Sociological Conception of Morality 140

9. The Philosophical and Sociological Conception of Religion 142

10. Durkheim’s Place in the History of Sociology. ‘Sociologism’ and Marxism 147

Notes 149

1 1 THE SOCIOLOGY OF MAX WEBER 152

1 . Max Weber and His Times 152

2. Methodological Problems of the Sciences of Culture 154

3. The Ideal Type as a Logical Construct 155

4. The Problem of Understanding and the Category of ‘Social Action’ 157

5. The Goal-Oriented Rational Action as a Methodological Category of Weber’s Sociology
161

6. Social Action and ‘Orientation to Another’ — ‘Expectation’ 163

7. Types of Social Action 165

8. Formal Rationality as a Category of Weber’s Sociology 167

9. Weber’s Theory of Types of Domination 169

10. The Contradictory Nature of Weber’s Political Stance 173

1 1 . The Sociology of Religion 175

12. Max Weber in Historical Perspective 180

Notes 182

12 THE SOCIOLOGICAL SYSTEM OF VILFREDO PARETO 185

1 . Pareto and His Time 185

2. Methodology 186

3. Society as a System of the Interactions of Individuals 187

4. Psychological Reductionism 189

5 . The Conception of Ideology 1 90

6. The Idea of the Circulation of Elites 193

7. Pareto in the Historical Perspective 196

Notes 198

13 SOCIOLOGY IN PREREVOLUTIONARY RUSSIA 200

Notes 210

CONCLUSION 212

Notes 215

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