Steam Boilers of Thermal Power Stations – Reznikov, Lipov

In this post, we will see the book Steam Boilers Of Thermal Power Stations by M. I. Reznikov; Yu. M. Lipov.

About the book

This textbook has been written as a higher-education course in steam boilers for thermal power stations. It presents the theory of the processes which occur in steam boilers, designs of boilers for thermal power stations and steam generators for nuclear power stations, and the operating principles of boilers and steam generators.

The material in the book is based on four fundamental principles which are closely interrelated and reflect the current state of progress in science and technology: (1) the physico-chemi­cal processes in the fuel, gas-air, and water-steam paths of modern high- capacity boilers; (2) the correlation between these physico-chemical pro­cesses and the design, layout and arrangement of steam boilers and their elements; (3) advanced technological processes and their technical and eco­nomical substantiation; and (4) the correlation between the processes oc­curring in boilers and the principles of boiler operation. This method of analysis encourages the optimal selec­tion of technological processes, boiler designs, and operating regimes.

The book was translated from Russian by Vadim Afanasyev and was published by Mir in 1985.

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You can get the book here.

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Contents

Preface 8

Chapter 1. Steam Generation at Electric Power Stations 10

1.1. The Steam Boiler at a Power Station 10
1.2. Classification of Steam Boilers 15
1.3. Flow Diagram of Steam Production 17
1.4. Principal Characteristics of Steam Boilers 21

Chapter 2. Power-producing Fuels and Their Characteristics 22

2.1. Kinds and Compositions of Fuels 22
2.2. The Heating Value and Resolved Characteristics of Fuels 25
2.3. Technical Characteristics of Solid Fuels 26
2.4. Technical Characteristics of Fuel Oil and Natural Gases 29
2.5. Main Deposits of Fossil Fuels 31

Chapter 3. Fuel Preparation at Power Stations 32

3.1. Methods of Solid Fuel Combustion 32
3.2 Pulverization Systems 34
3.3 Characteristics of Coal Dust. Optimal Degree of Pulverization 38
3.4. Pulverization Equipment 41
3.5. The Preparation of Fuel Oil and Natural Gas 45

Chapter 4. Theoretical Principles of Combustion 47

4.1. Tho Kinetics of Combustion Reactions 47
4.2. The Mechanisms of Fuel Combustion 50
4.3. Kinetic and Diffusion Regions of Combustion 54
4.4. The Ignition of Fuel-air Mixture, Combustion Front 56
4.5. The Burn-off Intensity of Fuel 59

Chapter 5. Combustion Products 60

5.1. Tho Composition of Combustion Products 60
5.2. Determination of Excess Air Ratio for an Operating Boiler 64
5.3. Toxic Substances in Waste Gases and Measures of Environmental Control 65

Chapter 6. Efficiency of Fuel Heat Utilization 67

6.1. The Heat Balanec and Efficiency of the Steam Boiler 67
6.2. Analysis of Heat Losses 70

7. Pulverized Coal-fired Furnaces 77

7.1. Principal Characteristics of Chamber Furnaces 77
7.2. Burners and Their Arrangement 80
7.3. Dry-bottom Furnaces 85
7.4. Slagging-bottom Furnaces 86

Chapter 8. Gas and Fuel Oil-fired Furnaces 90

8.1. Furnace Design 90
8.2. Fuel Oil Burners 92
8.3. Combustion of Natural Gas 95
8.4. Combined Gas-fuel Oil Burners 96

Chapter 9. Characteristics, Parameters and Motion Equations of Working Fluid 98

9.1. Principal Hydrodynamic and Heat-transfer Equations for the Water-steam Path 98
9.2. Characteristics of Motion of a Steam-water Mixture 100
9.3. Regimes of Steam-water Mixture Flow 103
9.4. Hydraulic Resistances 105
9.5. Thermophysical Properties of Working Fluid in the Path of a
Monobloc Unit 107

Chapter 10. Temperature Conditions on Heating Surfaces 110

10.1. Classification of Heating and Cooling Modes 110
10.2. Heat-transfer Crisis in Evaporating Tubes 112
10.3. Temperature Conditions Along the Length of a Channel 114
10.4. Temperature Conditions Around tho Periphery of a Channel 118
10.5. Heat Exchange in Steam Generators of Nuclear Power Stations 123

Chapter 11. Hydrodynamics of Open Hydraulic Systems 124

11.1. Classification of Open Hydraulic Systems 124
11.2. Hydrodynamic Stability of Flow in Horizontal Evaporating Tubes 126
11.3. Hydrodynamic Stability of Flow in Vertical Evaporating Tubes 130
11.4. Maldistribution of Heat 136
11.5. Effect of Headers on the Distribution of Working Fluid Between Tubes 141
11.6. Flow Pulsations 143

Chapter 12. Hydrodynamics of Closed Hydraulic Systems 145

12.1. Laws of Free Circulation 145
12.2. Calculation of Circulation Circuits 148
12.3. General Hydraulic Characteristic of Evaporating Tubes and
Its Role in Estimating tho Reliability of Circulation 151
12.4. Hydrodynamics of Descending Tubes and Its Effect on the Reliability of Circulation 155

Chapter 13. Hydrodynamics of Bubbling Systems 157

13.1. Laws of Bubbling 157
13.2. Dynamic Layer in Steam Wash 162
13.3. Release and Impurities on the Dynamic Two-phase Layer 162

Chapter 14. Physico-chemical Principles of Behaviour of Impurities in Working Fluid 165

14.1. Impurities in Feed Water and Their Effect on Equipment 165
14.2. Solubility of Impurities in an Aqueous Heat-transfer Agent and Formation of Deposits 166
14.3. Passage of Impurities from Water to Saturated Steam 172

Chapter 15. Waler Conditions 178

15.1. Removal of Impurities from the Circuit 178
15.2. Water Conditions through Boilers 180
15.3. Non-scaling Water Conditions of Drum-type Boilers 183
15.4. Methods for Generating Clean Steam 184

Chapter 16. Processes on the Fireside of Heating Surfaces 192

16.1. Mechanism of Scaling 192
16.2. Abrasion Wear of Convective Heating Surfaces 196
16.3. Corrosion of Heating Surfaces 198

Chapter 17. Evaporaling Heating Surfaces 202

17.1. Heat Absorption by Evaporating Surfaces and Their Layout 202
17.2. Reliable Designs of Wator Walls 203
17.3. Gas-light Water Walls and Methods for Enhancing Their Reliability 210
17.4. Refractory-faced Water Walls 216

Chapter 18. Steam Superheaters and Superheat Control 217

18.1. Classification of Superheaters 217
18.2. Operation and Reliability of Superheaters 222
18.3. Positioning of Superheaters 223
18.4. Superhoat Temperature Control 225

Chapter 19. Low-temperature Heating Surfaces 232

19.1. Arrangement of Low-temperature Heating Surfaces 232
19.2. Economizers 234
19.3. Air Heaters 236
19.4. Corrosion Control of Air Heating 243

Chapter 20. Heat Exchange in Heating Surfaces of Boilers 246

20.1. Thermal Characteristics of Wator Walls 246
20.2. Flame Emissivity 249
20.3. Calculation of Radiant Heat Transfer in a Furnace 251
20.4. Radiant Heat Transfer in Boiler Flue Ducts 255
20.5. Convective Hoat Transfer in Boiler Flue Ducts 257
20.6. Velocities of Gases and Working Fluid in Convectivo Heating Surfaces 260

Chapter 21. Layout and Meat Calculation of Steam Boiler 262

21.1. Boiler Layout and Structures 262
21.2. Thermal Diagram of a Boiler 270
21.3. Heat Calculation of a Boiler 273

 

Chapter 22. Steam Boilers of High capacity Monobloc Units 276

22.1. Selection of Boiler Design According to tho Type, Capacity and Operating Conditions of Power Station 276
22.2. Characteristics of Modern Steam Boilers 281

Chapter 23. Steam Boiler Operation 290

23.4. Operating Conditions and Characteristics 290
23.2. Steady Regimes of Boiler Operation 292
23.3. Unsteady Regimes of Operation Within Allowable Loads 294
23.4. Starting-up Circuits of Monobloc Units 298
23.5. Shut-dawn and Load-shedding Regimes 303
23.6. Regimes of Boiler Firing and Unit Starting 306

Chapter 24. Steam Generators of Nuclear Power Stations 312

24.1. Classification and Characteristics of Steam Generators for Nuclear Power Stations 312
24.2. Steam Generators with Aqueous Coolant 314
24.3. Steam Generators with Liquid-metal and Gaseous Coolants 317
24.4 Nuclear Reactor as a Steam Generator 321

Chapter 25. Metals for Steam Boilers 324

25.1. Metal Behaviour at High Temperatures 324
25.2. Metals for Steam Boilers 327
25.3. Strength Calculations 330
25.4. Metal Control in Operation 333

References 335
Index 337

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1 Response to Steam Boilers of Thermal Power Stations – Reznikov, Lipov

  1. Pingback: Steam Boilers of Thermal Power Stations – Reznikov, Lipov — Mir Books | Chet Aero Marine

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