Thermal Engineering

In this post, we will see the book Thermal Engineering by Ivan Shvets, M. Kondak, N Kirakovsky, I Neduzhy, D Shevtsov, I Sheludko.

About the book

The book has been written by a group of scientists working
for many years at Higher Educational Institutions of the Soviet
Union and is a textbook for students both of Higher and of
Secondary Schools.

The book contains the theoretical fundamentals of thermal
engineering (engineering thermodynamics and heat transfer), contains
characteristics of fuels, describes combustion processes, boiler
units and heat engines, such as steam engines, internal-combustion
engines, steam and gas turbines and steam power plants.
Besides being a textbook for students, the book will also be of
interest to specialists in the field of thermal engineering.

The book was translated from Russian by G. Leib and was published in 1960 by Peace Publishers.

Credits to the original uploader.

You can get the book here.

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Contents

Foreword 11

SECTION ONE. ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

Chapter I. Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics 13

1. Parameters of Gases and Relation between Them. The Equation of State for Gases 13
2. Mixtures of Gases 19
3. Thermodynamic Processes bn hake wave 28
4. Work and Heat of a Process. Heat Capacity 204
5. Internal Energy of a Gas 33
6. Enthalpy of a Gas 35
7. Entropy 36

Chapter II. The First Law of Thermodynamics and Investigation of Thermodynamic Processes 37

1. The Law of Conservation and Conversion of Energy 37
2. The First Law of Thermodynamics 38
3. Investigation of the Basic Thermodynamic Processes for Ideal Gases

Chapter III. Water Vapour and Steam 55

1. Process of Vaporization in p-v and T-s Diagrams 55
2. Determining the Parameters of Steam of Different States 58
3. The i-s (Mollier) Diagram for Steam 61
4. Thermodynamic Processes of Water Vapour (Steam) 62
5. Humid Air Sad Bice 65
6. Flow and Throttling of Gases and Vapours. 68

Chapter IV. The Second Law of Thermodynamics 76

1. Cyclic Processes and the Carnot Cycle 76
2. The Second Law of Thermodynamics 82
3. Mathematical Expression of the Second Law of Thermodynamics and Change in the Entropy of an Isolated System 83

Chapter V. Ideal Cycles of Heat Engines 89

1. Cycles of Internal-combustion Engines View 89
2. Gas Turbine Cycles 93
3. Compressor Processes 95
4. Basic Cycle of a Steam Power Plant 98
5. Methods of Improving the Efficiency of the Basic Cycle 101
6. Heating and Power Systems 103
7. Regenerative Cycle 105
8. Steam-gas Cycle 107
9. Refrigeration Cycles 108

SECTION TWO. HEAT TRANSFER

Chapter I. Kinds of Heat Transfer 111

1. Conduction 111
2. Convection 112
3. Heat Transfer upon Change in Aggregate State 126
4. Radiation 130

Chapter II. Heat-exchange Equipment 140

1. Combined Heat Transfer 140
2. Calculation of Heat-exchange Equipment 145

SECTION THREE. FUEL

Chapter I. Properties of Fuel 150

1. General Information 150
2. Composition 151
3. Basic Specifications of Fuel 152

Chapter II. Kinds of Fuels and Processing Thereof 159

1. Fuels 159
2. Liquid Fuels 164
3. Gaseous Fuels 167
4. Processing of Solid Fuels 173

SECTION FOUR. BOILER INSTALLATIONS

Chapter I. General Information on Boiler Installations 179

1. Classification of Boiler Installations 179
2. General Information on Boiler Units 180

Chapter II. Combustion Processes 182.

1. Combustion of Fuels and Ignition Temperature 182
2. Air Required for Combustion 184
3. Excess-air Coefficient 184
4. Volumes of Combustion Products Calculated from the Elementary Composition of Fuel 184
5. Volumes of Dry Combustion Products Determined by Flue
Gas Analysis 188
6. Volumes of Combustion Products oi siens Fuels 189
7. Enthalpy of Fuel Combustion Products 190

Chapter III. Heat Balance of a Boiler Unit 192

1. General Equation 192
2. Available Heat 192
3. Heat Utilized in Boiler Unit 192
4. Heat Losses with Flue Gases 193
5. Heat Losses due to Chemically Incomplete Combustion 194
6. Heat Losses due to Mechanically Incomplete Combustion 195
7. Heat Losses due to External Cooling of Boiler Unit 195
8. Heat Losses due to Physical Heat of Slags and for Cooling of Beams and Panels not Included into Boiler Circulation Systems 196
9. Boiler Unit Efficiency 196
10. Fuel Consumption 196
11. Evaporative Capacity of Fuel 197

Chapter IV. Temperatures and Heat Transfer in Furnace 198

1. Temperatures in Furnace 198
2. Heat Transfer in Furnace 199

Chapter V. Furnaces 201

1. Classification. of Furnaces 201
2. Thermal Characteristics of Furnaces 205
3. Waterwalls 206
4. Gas-fired Furnaces 206
5. Furnaces for Fuel Oil 211
6. Pulverized-coal Furnaces 216
7. Grate-fired Furnaces for Solid Fuel 225

Chapter VI. Boiler Units 241

1. General Information and Parameters 241
2. Development of Natural Circulation Boilers 252
3. Forced Circulation Boilers 260

Chapter VII. Superheaters, Water Economizers, Air Heaters 263

1. Superheaters 268
2. Water Economizers 266
3. Air Heaters 268

Chapter VIII. Heat Transfer in Convective Passes of Boiler Units 270

Chapter IX. Auxiliary Equipment, Settings and Frame 272

1. Draught Production Equipment 272
2. Equipment for Flue Gas Purification 275
3. Boiler Unit Settings and Frames 279
4. Feedwater Pumps and Piping 280

Chapter X Conditions in Boiler Units and Feedwater Treatment 281

1. Boiler Water Conditions 281
2. Characteristics of Initial Water 282
3. Methods of Feedwater Treatment апа Equipment Used 282

SECTION FIVE. RECIPROCATING ENGINES

Chapter I. Steam Engines 286

1. Classification of Steam 288
2. Working Cycle 289
3. Determination of Engine Power 290
4. Steam Engine Efficiencies 294
5. Steam Consumption 297
6. Valve Gear 297
7. Methods of Governing Engine Power 303
8. Types of Engines 305

Chapter II. Reciprocating Compressors 309

Chapter III. Internal-combustion Engines 314

1. Operating Principles and Classification of Engines 314
2. Working Cycles of Engines 316
3. Utilization of Heat in Engines 322
4. Indicated Efficiency (were ag the cus 323
5. Mechanical Efficiency 329
6. Brake Thermal Efficiency and Parameters of Working Cycle 330
7. Comparison of Theoretical and Actual Indicator Diagrams 335
8. Determination of Principal Dimensions of Engines 336
9. Heat Balance of Engine 338
10. Mixture Formation 340
11. Fuel Supply Equipment 343
12. Flywheel and Unbalanced Forces of Inertia 349
13. Governing Systems and Governors 350
14. Timing 354
15. Fuel System 356
16. Lubrication 359
17. Cooling Systems 361
18. Electric Ignition 364
19. Starting Devices 367
20. Types of Engines 368
21. Further Development of Internal combustion Engines 374

SECTION SIX. TURBINES

Chapter I. Steam Turbines 36

1. General Information oe 976
2. Processes in Turbine Nozzles and Moving Blades 378
3. Heat Losses and Stage Efficiency 388
4. Turbine Heat Calculations 392
5. Turbine Governing 402
6. Steam Turbine Design 405
7. Condenser Units 413

Chapter II. Gas Turbines 419

1. Development of Gas Turbines A19
2. Fundamentals of Theory of Heat Processes. in 1 Gas Turbines 423
3. Heat. Cycles 428
4. Efficiencies of Gas Turbine Installations 435
5. Constant-volume Combustion Gas Turbines 436
6. Closed-cycle Gas Turbine Installations 438
7. Cycle Diagram Calculations 44l
8. Compressors 446
9. Gas Turbine Design 448
10. Materials for and Cooling of Turbine Blades and Disks 452
I]. Regenerators 454
12. Fuel and Combustion Chambers 455

SECTION SEVEN. HEAT ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS

Chapter I. Heat Electric Generating Plants 458

1. Types of Plants 458
2. Layout and Equipment of Steam Turbine Plants 463
3. Fuel Facilities 469
4. Power Plant Economy 476

Chapter II. Automation in Power Plants 480

 

 

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3 Responses to Thermal Engineering

  1. Pingback: Thermal Engineering | Chet Aero Marine

  2. Haresh says:

    I have several books by Mir publishers which O can upload. Please guide me. Also, I would like to read books “Fundamentals of Heat Transfer” (forgot the name of the author but something Mukhay***) and again one on Metallurgy (again forgot the name of the author). However these books were recommended Mechanical Engineering course of Bombay University in early 1980’s.

    Like

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