Cybernetics Today: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects – Makarov (Ed.)

In this post, we will see the book Cybernetics Today: Achievements, Challenges and Prospects edited by I. M. Makarov.


About the book

The book has been written by a team of leading Soviet authorities in the field of cybernetics, among them Academicians O. Belotserkovsky, V. Glushkov, B. Petrov, A. Kolmogorov, E. Velikhov. Approaching the subject from various points of view, the contributors examine the key problems of cybernetics, both theoretical and applied. In doing so, they draw upon a wide range of disciplines related to cybernetics in one way or another. Ample space is devoted to the economic aspects of informational technology, man-machine systems and interactions, and the prospects for cybernetics in the future, notably the creation of the artificial intellect novel for computers, and advanced robots. All this and more comes first-hand from men in the fore-front of present-day science. The book will undoubtedly be of interest to all those interested in, er concerned with, cybernetics or allied fields.

The book was translated from the Russian by Felix Palkin and Valerian Palkin and was compiled by V. D. Pekelis.

The Internet Archive Link

Preface. E-P. Velikhov 7

Note from the Compiler. V.D. Pekelis 10

From Discussions of Different Years 20

Automata and Life. A.N. Kolmogorov 20
Cybernetics Today. B.N. Petrov 41
Where Is Cybernetics Heading? M-G. Gaaze-Rapoport 54

The State of the Art 68
Cybernetics and Practice. O.M. Belotserkovsky 68
Ways of Developing Automation. I.A. Apokin 79
The Emergence of Computer Networks. E.A. Yakubaitis 95 The Robots in Present-Day Industry. I-M. Makarov 99

Artificial Intelligence: Pros and Cons 110

New Approach to Computer Application. G.S. Pospelov
Why Artificial Intelligence? M.M. Botvinnik 119
Occupation and Problem Oriented Intelligent Systems. B.A. Pospelov 120
Why Artificial Intelligence Is Impossible. A.F. Brushlinsky 123
Relative Capabilities of Natural and Artificial Intelligence. V.S. Tyukhtin 126
On the Capabilities of Artificial Intelligence. B.V. Biryukov 131

On Some Control Problems 138

Semiotic Models in Control Systems. D.A. Pospelov 138
Systems Analysis and Artificial Intelligence for Planning and Management. G.S. Pospelov 160
A New Branch of the Economy: Information Handling Indus­try. V.M. Glushkov and Yu. M. Kanygin 172

The Fine Arts and Cybernetics 182

Cybernetics and Culture. B.V. Biryukov and S.N. Plotnikov 182 Modelling in Music. R.Kh. Zaripov 210
Polemics and Its By-Products: About the “Machine Creative­ness” Controversy. I. Grekova 228

From a New Angle 253

Man-Machine Interaction. G.L. Smolyan 253
Man and Machine: The Limits to Computer Application.
V.M. Glushkov and Yu. M. Kanygin 266
Social Applications of Cybernetics. V.D. Pekelis 276

Foreseeing the Future 291

The Formula of a Collective Genius. V.D. Pekelis 291
How to Create an Artificial Brain. F.G. Staros 310
How to Create an Optical Brain. V.M. Zakharchenko and G.V. Skrotsky 318
The Cybernetic Double. I.M. Rosokhovatsky rand A.A. Stogny 328
Extraterrestrial Civilizations and Artificial Intelligence. I. S. Shklovsky 333
Cybernetics and the Computer: Some Predictions. V.D. Pekelis 355

About the Authors 363


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