In this post, we will see the book titled Physics of the Microworld by K. I. Shcholkin. The book is an introduction to many facets of the quantum phenomena, both basic and advanced. The book is essentially a collection of a variety of essays on the theme of the quantum physics.
About the book
The back cover of the book describes the books as:
In these sketches, the late K. I. SHCHOLKIN, Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, gives a popular account of the structure of the atoms and atomic nuclei of matter and anti matter, of nuclear forces and the structure of nucleons. His book tells about strong and weak interactions, parity and its non-conservation, and vacuum polarization. Models of nuclei, nuclear fission, and fusion reactions are described, with basic information on elementary particles, and the latest technical advances of quantum physics (maser amplifiers, hydrogen-atom radiation, Mossbauer effect, etc.). There are also articles devoted to strange particles like K-mesons.
The book is in a clear and readable manner, and is intended for sixth-formers and general non-technical readers who are interested in the latest developments in nuclear and atomic physics, i.e. the physics of the microworld.
The book has had three editions in Russian and has been translated into Spanish.
There is an interesting essay on Negative absolute temperatures (p. 174)!
The book was first published by Mir in 1974 and was translated from the Russian by Michael Zimmerman.
PDF | Cover | OCR | 300 dpi (upscaled to 600 dpi) | Bookmarked | 9.8 MB
Link at the Internet Archive.
Hydrogen atom. Quantum numbers 7
Hydrogen atom spectrum 17
Magnetic moments 22
Basic principles of quantum mechanics 32
Radio emission of hydrogen on the 21.1-cm wavelength 36
Deuterium, tritium, neutron 42
Positron, antiproton, antineutron, antihydrogen 45
Heavy nuclei 58
Characteristic dimensions of particles 63
Nuclear forces. Pi-mesons (pions). 67
Uncertainty relation and virtual processes 71
Nuclear forces (continued). 78
Virtual processes and nucleon structure 93
Strong, electromagnetic, and weak interactions 98
Parity, its conservation and non-conservation 106
Polarization of vacuum 114
List of elementary particles playing a definite role in the structure of matter 121
Electron shells 144
Quantum amplifiers (masers and lasers) 155
C02 laser 166
Semiconductor lasers 170
Negative absolute tem peratures. 174
Nuclear synthesis reactions 179
Liquid-drop nuclear model and fission reactions 186
Shell model of nucleus 189
Mossbauer effect 193
Complete list of elementary particles 205
Isotopic spin 209
Table of mesons and mesic resonances. 237
Table of baryons and baryonic resonances 245
On the classification of hadrons 251
Unitary symmetry. Gell-Mann-Ne’eman model 254
Formula for particle masses in unitary multiplet 279
Basic physical magnitudes in the SI system. 289
Conversion table 290