Science for Everyone – Semiconductors Made Simple

In continuing our roll of Science for Everyone series, we now come to book by A. M. Polyakov titled Semiconductors Made Simple.

The back cover of the book says:

Semiconductors have made an enormous impact on 20th century science and technology. This is because components made from semiconductors have very favourable properties such as low energy consumption, compactness, and high reliability, and so they now dominate electronics and radio engineering. Semiconductors are indispensable for space exploration and where the requirements of small size, low weight and low energy consumption are especially stringent.

The book uses quantum-mechanical concepts and band theory to present the theory of semiconductors in a comprehensible for. It also describes how basic semiconductor devices (e.g. diodes, transistors, and lasers) operate. The book was written for senior high-school students interested in physics.

The book was translated from the Russian by Natasha Deineko and was first published by Mir in 1985.

Thanks to Anish.Dot for this book.

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Updated: 15 January 2019

The book has following chapters and sections.

Sec. 1. Structure of Atoms. Hydrogen Atom 8
Sec. 2. Many-Electron Atoms 19
Sec. 3. Degeneracy of Energy Levels in Free Atoms. Removal of Degeneracy of External Effects 24
Sec. 4. Formation of Energy  Bands in Crystals 27
Sec. 5. Filling of Energy Bands by Electrons 31
Sec. 6. Division of Solids into Conductors, Semiconductors, and Dielectrics 34

Sec. 7 Bonding Forces in a Crystal Lattice 38
Sec. 8 Electrical Conductivity of Metals 45
Sec. 9 Conductivity of Semiconductors 50
Sec. 10 Effect of Temperature on the charge carrier concentration in semiconductors 64
Sec. 11 Temperature Dependence of Electrical Conductivity of Semiconductors 75

Sec. 12. Generation and Recombination of Nonequilibrium Charge Carriers
Sec. 13. Diffusion Phenomena in Semiconductors
Sec. 14. Photoconduction and Absorption of Light
Sec. 15. Luminescence

Sec. 16. Work Function of Metals 121
Sec. 17. The Fermi Level in Metals and the Fermi-Dirac Distribution Function 127
Sec. 18. The Fermi Level in Semiconductors 133
Sec. 19. The Contact Potential Difference 143
Sec. 20. Metal-to-Semiconductor Contact 147
Sec. 21. Rectifier Properties of the Metal-Semiconductor Junction 152
Sec. 22. p-n Junction 161
Sec. 23. Rectifying Effect of the p-n junction 175
Sec. 24. Breakdown of the p-n junction 186
Sec. 25. Electric Capacitance of the p-n Junction

Sec. 26. Hall Effect and Hall Pickups 193
Sec. 27. Semiconductor Diodes 205
Sec. 28. Tunnel Diodes 211
Sec. 29. Transistors 223
Sec. 30. Semiconductor Injection (Diode) Lasers 233
Sec. 31. Semiconductors at Present and in Future 241

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16 Responses to Science for Everyone – Semiconductors Made Simple

  1. somen says:

    lots of thanks for semiconductor made simple and physics in kitchen ,these books are real gems. please include some books of little mathematics library.


    • damitr says:

      Hi Somen,
      I am trying to finish off with whatever is available in the Science for Everyone Series. After that we will start with LML.



  2. Ashish says:

    I just want to know whether there are physics problem books better than irodov and krotov which were published by mir publishers but are not so known in india…………….Also mir publishers exists even today but is now privatised and without communist propaganda.Here, is their official site (in russian)


    • damitr says:

      Yes there are many “Problem Books” in Physics, which are there apart from Krotov and Irodov. These ones became famous maybe because of the availability and Indian reprints. The other books were not so fortunate for Indian reprints. The books that I know of personally and have solved through some of them are as under:

      Elementary Physics – Gurskii
      Problems in Theoretical Mechanics – Merschersky [this is at higher level maybe M.Sc.]
      Collection of Questions and Problems in Physics – L. A. Sena
      Problems in Elementary Physics – Zubov and Shalnov
      Elementary Physics Problems and Solutions – Bukhovtsev et. al.
      Problems in Physics – Pinksy
      Problems in Theoretical Physics – Grechko et. al [this is the problem book for the Theoretical Physics course by Landau and Lifshitz and is rare]

      Apart from this there are many other Problem Books in different and specialized subjects like Electrical Machines, Hydrodynamics, and many in Mathematics.

      As to say which is better one cannot really make such statements, as I found different books their contents and styles useful in different ways.



  3. Ashish says:

    Wave Processes. The Fundamental Laws, 5th ed.

    Author(s): I. E. Irodov
    Year: 2010
    Edition: 5th
    ISBN: 978-5-9963-0250-5
    Pages: 263
    Subject: Physics
    Format: 145 x 215 mm
    Cover: hardcover

    This textbook contains both theoretical material (basic ideas of wave processes) and analysis of numerous examples and problems. Problems are closely related to the main context and supplement and further develop the theory presented in the book. The material is presented using as little mathematics as possible while the main accent is made on considering the physical aspects of the phenomenon.

    The book is intended for students studying physics and other technical subjects.


  4. Ashish says:

    My dad contacted the russian embassy and they have confirmed the existence of mir publishers…………they say that Irodov had prepared a full general course in physics consisting of about 10 books before his death in 2002…….. three or so books of his have been publshed in india……i have ordered the book mentioned in my previous comment from a Danish publishing house and it costs 36 dollars.


    • damitr says:


      That is great news. Thanks for sharing the information.



    • Kiran says:

      Hi Ashish,

      Could you let me know the website of the Danish publishing house you mentioned in your comment above? I would like to order this book (wave processes) if it is an english version.

      Let me know.

      Thanks in advance,


  5. Ashish says:

    Soon more unknown books will be brought to enlightenment…….


  6. drknesi says:

    link is dead


  7. Tash says:

    link says file does not exist help with it please……….
    thanks in advance


  8. m95 says:

    we need a working link,pls any one have a the book give us its link, or kindly upload it


  9. Rhythm Pathak says:

    The rar file won’t open because of the password…
    Kindly share it…


  10. kumar saurabh says:

    Can I get a link to get the book- semiconductor made easy – in pdf form!


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