Dialectics In Modern Physics – Omelyanovsky

In this post, we will see the book Dialectics In Modern Physics by M. E. Omelyanovsky.

About the book

This monograph brings together into a unified whole the ideas and problems that have been considered in many of my published works (articles in Voprosy filosofii and papers in collective works devoted to the philosophical problems of science, published in Russian, for instance, in the series Dialectical Materialism and Modern Science. Most of the problems or the aspects of them that are treated here have been discussed in my earlier work, but the present book con­tains new material, additions, and more precise definitions, and also a number of new conclusions. I have been especially
interested to show that dialectics and its very important requirement of applying the all-round universal flexibility of concepts objectively is the logic of modern science.

The basic substance of the book (as its title says) is Marx­ist-Leninist dialectics in modern physics. Dialectics is not a formal mental construction but rather a living method of cognising nature and of searching for new truths in modern science, and in physics in particular, as far as this book is concerned.

The book was translated from Russian by H.C. Creighton and was designed by Vladimir Yeremin. The book was published in 1979 by Progress Publishers.

Credits to original uploader.

You can get the book here.

Follow us on The Internet Archive: https://archive.org/details/@mirtitles

Follow Us On Twitter: https://twitter.com/MirTitles

Write to us: mirtitles@gmail.com

Fork us at GitLab: https://gitlab.com/mirtitles/

Add new entries to the detailed book catalog here.

Contents

PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH EDITION 5
PREFACE TO THE RUSSIAN EDITION 6

Chapter I. DIALECTICAL MATERIALISM IN MODERN PHYSICS 9

Chapter II. THE PROBLEM OF OBJECTIVE REALITY IN QUANTUM THEORY 27

1. The Methodological Significance of the Idea of Objective Reality in Physics 27
2. Observation, Complementarity, and Dialectics 39
3. The Philosophical Evolution of the Copenhagen School 49
4. Physical Reality 63

Chapter III. CAN WE FORM MENTAL PICTURES OF THE CONCEPTS AND THEORIES OF MODERN PHYSICS 78

Chapter IV. THE PRINCIPLE OF OBSERVABILITY IN MODERN PHYSICS 95

1. Formulation of the Question. The Significance or Meaning of ‘Observability 95
2. What Is an Observable (or a Non-observable)? 100
3. The Heuristic Role of the Observability Principle 107

Chapter V. DIALECTICAL CONTRADICTORINESS IN MODERN PHYSICS 119

1. Introductory Remarks 119
2. The Theory of Relativity and Dialectical Contradiction 123
3. Dialectical Contradiction and Quantum Theory 130

Chapter VI. DETERMINISM IN QUANTUM THEORY 142

1. The Objective Reality and Determinacy of Phenomena 142
2. On the Relationship Between Determinism and the Principle of Causality in Physics 148
3. Statistical Laws and Determinism 157
4. Statistical Laws, Determinism, and the Uncertainty Principle 163
5. The Concepts of ‘Actuality and Possibility in Classical Physics 171
6. The Concepts of Reality and Possibility in Quantum Physics 179
7. A Contribution to the Problem of Causality in Non-local Quantum Field Theory 189

Chapter VII. THE PROBLEM OF THE ELEMENTARY AND THE COMPLEX IN QUANTUM PHYSICS 197

4. On the Concepts of the Simple and the Complex in Philosophy and Physics 197
2. Classical Science on the Elementary and the Complex 204
3. The Problem of Simplicity in Microscopic Physics 209
4. The Concept of the Elementary and Structure in the Physics or Elementary Particles 215
5. The Elementary Particle of Matter and the Universe 222

Chapter VIII. QUANTUM PHYSICS AND THE TRANSFORMABILITY OF FUNDAMENTAL PARTICLES. THE ABSOLUTE AND THE RELATIVE 231

1. The Transformability of Elementary Particles 231
2. On the Absolute and the Relative in the Modern Physics 248

Chapter IX. PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF THE THEORY OF MENSURATION 256

1. Preliminary Remarks 256
2. The Concept of Measurement. Direct Measurement 259
3. Standards and Units 265
4. Sensory Perception and Abstract Thought in Mensuration 270
5. Laws of Nature and Measurement. Indirect Measurement 276
6. The Concept of Measurement in Quantum Mechanics 289
7. On the Interaction of the Atomic Objects, and Measuring Instruments 303

Chapter X. AXIOMATICS AND THE SEARCH FOR PRINCIPLES AND FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS IN PHYSICS 320

1. The Axiomatic Approach to Physical Research 320
2. Perun Aspects and Functions of the Axiomatic Method 335
3. On the Axiomatics of Contemporary Physical Theories 347

IN LIEU OF A CONCLUSION 370

 

About The Mitr

I am The Mitr, The Friend
This entry was posted in books, philosophy, physics, progress publishers, soviet and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.