The Structure Of Atoms And Molecules – Kondryatev

In this post, we will see the book The Structure Of Atoms And Molecules by V. Kondryatev.

Kondryatev-The-Structure-of-Atoms-and-Molecules-FLPH-fc copy.jpg

About the book

The book covers a wide range of topics regarding the quantum mechanical structure of atoms and molecules. The book starts from the basics of elementary particles, and quantum phenomena. In chapter 2, the atomic nuclear structure is explored. The third chapter deals with the electronic structure of atoms. Chapter 4 explores the theories of atomic structure. Chapters 5 and 8 deal with atomic and molecular spectra respectively. Chapter 6 deals with the atom in a force field, while chapter 7 deals with chemical forces and molecules. Chapters 9 and 10 look at the properties of atoms and molecules.

The book was translated from the Russian by G. Yankovsky and was designed by V. Dober. The book was published by Foreign Languages Publishing House in 1967.

We have cleaned, bookmarked the copy by PLI on the Internet Archive (linked below). Two pages (334-335) are missing from the scan.

The Internet Archive Link

The Internet Archive Link (Public Library of India)

Contents

Chapter 1 ELECTRONS AND QUANTA

1. The Elementary Electric Charge 7
Ions in solutions (7).
Ions in gases (8).

2. Specific Charge and Mass of an Electron 9
Cathode rays (9).
Specific electronic charge (10).
Electronic mass (11).

3. Thermionic Emission 12
Thermionic current as a function of applied potential difference (12). Richardson’s equation (15).
Field-induced electron emission (16).

4. Black-Body Radiation 17
The laws of thermal radiation (17).
Light quanta (20).

5. The Photoelectric Effect 22
Photoelectrons (22).
Quantum theory of the photoelectric effect (23).

6. Compton Effect 25

7. Wave-Particle Duality 30
Wave and corpuscular optics (30).
Wave properties of particles (32).

Chapter 2 ATOMIC NUCLEUS

8. Nuclear Charge 36
Scattering of a-particles (36).
Scattering of X-rays (38).

9. Size of the Nucleus 39

10. Radioactive Transformations of the Elements 44
Radioactive families (44).
Isotopes (47).

11. Artificial Nuclear Disintegration 51
Nuclear reactions (51).
Neutron (52).
Positron (56).

12. Structure of the Atomic Nucleus 59
Proton-neutron theory of the nucleus (59).
Theory of 𝛂-decay (64).

13. Dynamics of the Atomic Nucleus 67
Energetics of nuclear transformations (67).
Energies of nuclear reac­tions (69).
Stable and unstable isobaric nuclei (70).

14. Nuclear Forces 74
Properties of nuclear forces (74).
Nature of nuclear forces (78).
Sub­-atomic particles (82).

15. The a-Decay of Nuclei 83
Potential barrier of a nucleus (83).
Theory of 𝛂-decay of nuclei (87).

16. Nuclear Energy Levels 91
Nuclear energy levels and spectra of 𝛂-, 𝛃-, and 𝛄-rays (91).
Mean lifetime of excited nuclei (94).
Nuclear isomerism (96).
Nuclear excitation in inelastic collisions with neutrons and charged particles (97).
Brent-Wigner formulas (102).

17. Fission of Heavy Nuclei 103
Fission reaction of atomic nuclei (103).
Theory of nuclear fission (110).
Nuclear chain reaction (114).

18. Thermonuclear Reactions 118

Chapter 3 ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ATOMS

19. Ionisation Potentials and Groups of Electrons in Atoms 122
Ionisation potentials of atoms (122).
Electron affinity (123).
Electron groups (124).

20. Periodic System of Elements 128

21. Atomic Energy Levels spectra 132
Spectrum of the H atom and of ions with one electron (132).
The experiments of Franck and Hertz (137).
Spectra of alkali metals (139).
X-ray spectra (142).

22. Mechanical Model of the Atom 145
Bohr-Sommerfeld theory (145).
Atom (ion) with one electron (148).
Positronium. Mesonic atoms (152).
Atoms of the alkaline elements (154).
Magnetic properties of the atom in the Bohr-Sommerfeld theory (162).
Intrinsic contradictions of the Bohr theory (165).

Chapter 4 THE QUANTUM-MECHANICAL THEORY OF THE ATOM

23. Wave Equation 168
Amplitude equation (168).
Physical meaning of the wave function (170).
Free-particle motion (172).
Schrodinger equation (174).

24. Atom (Ion) with One Electron 175
Solution of the Schrodinger equation (175).
Atoms of alkaline elements and the quantum characteristic of spectral terms (179).
Orbital and spin angular momenta (185).
Wave model of the atom (189).

25. Two-Electron Atom (Ion) 194 Solution of the problem of an atom (ion) with two electrons by perturba­tion theory (193).
Exchange degeneracy (198). Spin function. Pauli principle (200).
Atom (ion) with large number of electrons (203).

Chapter 5 THE SPECTROSCOPY OF ATOMS

26. Systematics of Atomic States 206
Multiplet (fine) structure of atomic terms. Atom (ion) with one outer electron (206).
Fine structure of the terms of an atom(ion) with two outer electrons(208).
Terms of atoms with any number of electrons (213).
Natural multiplets (215).
Hyperfine structure of terms (221).

27. Genesis of the Periodic System of Elements 225

28. Intensity of Spectral Lines 233
Probabilities of radioactive quantum transitions in the atom (233).
Selection rules (236).
Average lifetime of excited atoms (239).

29. Atomic Spectra 241
Atomic spectra of alkaline elements (241).
Helium spectrum (244).
Mercury spectrum (247).
Applications of atomic spectroscopy (249).

Chapter 6 THE ATOM IN A FORCE FIELD

30. Zeeman Effect 251
Normal Zeeman effect (251).
Anomalous Zeeman effect (252).
Paschen- Back effect (256).

31. Stark Effect 261
Stark effect in hydrogen (261).
Stark effect in complex atoms (265).
Stark effect in a molecular Field (269).

Chapter 7 THE NATURE OF CHEMICAL FORCES. THE MOLECULE

32. Electrovalent Bond 271
Electronic concepts in chemistry (271).
Kossel theory (273).
The theory of ionic molecules (276).

33. Covalent Bond 284
Theory of the hydrogen molecule (284).
The method of electron pairs (288).
Atomic and ionic molecules (294).

34. Theory of Valency 300
Valence theory (within the framework of the electron-pair theory) (300). Hybridisation (305).
Sigma- and pi-bonds (306).
Directed valency (307).
Valence theory (within the framework of the method of molecular orbits) (310).

Chapter 8 MOLECULAR SPECTRA

35. Electronic Terms of Molecules 317
Origin of molecular terms (317).
Systematics of terms of diatomic molecules (318).
Properties of symmetry of molecular terms (324).
Hund’s cases of molecular terms (327).
Selection rules (336).
Terms of complex molecules (337).

36. Rotational Terms 338
Rotational terms of diatomic molecules (338).
Fine structure of rota­tional terms (341).
Properties of symmetry of rotational terms (343).
Selection rules (345).
Ortho- and para-states (346).
Rotational terms of complex molecules (347).

37. Vibrational Terms 350
Natural vibrational frequencies of molecules (350).
Vibrational terms of a diatomic molecule (352).
Vibrational terms of polyatomic molecules (358).
Torsional oscillations (361).
Inversion (362).

38. Rotational and Rotation-Vibration Molecular Spectra 364
Rotational spectra (364).
Rotation-vibration spectra (367).
Intensity distribution in bands (absorption spectrum) (373).

39. Raman Spectra 376
Vibrational Raman spectrum (376).
The theory of Raman scattering of light (378).
Rotational Raman spectra (380).

40. Electronic Spectra of molecules 382
Vibrational structure of the spectrum (382).
Intensity distribution in the Dolanders system of bands (386).
Fine (rotational) structure of spectra (388).
The isotope effect in spectra (392).
Nuclear spin and intensity alternation in spectra (394).

41. Continuous and Diffuse Spectra 397
Continuous spectra (397).
Predissociation (401).

42. Some Applications of Molecular Spectroscopy 407
Molecular spectral analysis (407).
Thermodynamic applications of molec­ular spectroscopy (411).
Electronic Spectra of Molecules

Chapter 9 ELECTRICAL AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES

43. Ionisation of Atoms and Molecules 417
Thermal ionisation of gases (417).
Ionisation by electron and ion impact (419).
Photoionisation of gases (424).

44. Polarisation of Electronic Shells 426
Polarisation in a constant electric field (426).
Polarisation in an alternating field. Refraction (427).
Anisotropy of polarisability and molecular structure (431).
On the mutual interaction of atoms in molecules (437).

45. Intermolecular Forces in Gases 444
Intermolecular hydrogen bond (444).
The nature of van der Waals forces (445).
Van der Waals molecules (450).

46. Dipole Moments of Molecules 452
Measuring dipole moments (452).
A vector dipole model of a molecule (456).
Dipole moments and free rotation of polar groups (462).

47. Magnetic Properties of Molecules 465
Diamagnetism (465).
Paramagnetism (467).
Magnetochemistry (471).

Chapter 10 MOLECULAR CONSTANTS

48. Geometrical Constants 474
Dimensions of molecules (474).
Intramolecular distances (476).
Molecular structure (487).

49. Energy Constants of Molecules 493
Methods for determining bond energies (493).
Bond dissociation ener­gies (503).
Proton affinity (509).
Average bond energies and the rule of additivity of bond energies (510).
Bond energies in conjugated systems (515).
Double-bond character (517).

50. Vibrational Frequencies of molecules 519
Relations between vibrational frequencies (519).
Characteristic frequencies (524)

Subject index 527

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2 Responses to The Structure Of Atoms And Molecules – Kondryatev

  1. DIMITRIOS VARDIS says:

    Στις Πέμπτη, 26 Δεκεμβρίου 2019, 10:32:33 π.μ. EET, ο χρήστης Mir Books έγραψε: | The Mitr posted: “In this post, we will see the book The Structure Of Atoms And Molecules by V. Kondryatev.About the bookThe book covers a wide range of topics regarding the quantum mechanical structure of atoms and molecules. The book starts from the basics of element” | |

  2. i want to red this book

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