General Chemistry Volume 1 – N.L. Glinka

In this post ( my debut post on and the site’s 375th !) we will see an amazing book on chemistry titled General Chemistry Volume 1 by Nikolai Glinka and edited by Veniamin Rabinovich.

About the book ( From the Back Cover)

Professor N. Glinka’s textbook systematizes the theoretical aspects and includes an extensive collection of reference data tor the course in general chemistry. Great attention is given to the structure of atoms and molecules, the laws of chemical reactions, and oxidation-reduction, processes. The book has been very popular in the Soviet Union and other countries for many years. During the author’s life, it saw 12 editions in Russian and was repeatedly published in other languages. The time that has elapsed after the author’s death, however required the introduction of appreciable amendments into the book, first of all because of the deep penetration of chemistry into many branches of the national economy and of the tremendous growth in the volume of the factual material of chemistry. The required revision of the textbook was carried out in its sixteenth Russian edition (1973). An additional revision of the book mainly due to the transition to SI units of physical quantities and the associated alterations in the terminology was carried out in the nineteenth Russian edition (1977). The present English text has been translated from the 21st Russian edition (1980), and to facilitate work with the book, has been divided into two volumes. The book is intended for students of higher educational institutions not majoring in chemistry. It will also be very helpful for persons studying the fundamentals of chemistry independently, and for students of chemical technical schools and the senior classes of secondary schools.

This book was hugely popular in the Soviet Union and other countries for many years. It was first published in 1958 and revised from the 1980 enlarged and updated Russian edition. Seriously though I have never read a book before this one that had explained General Chemistry in such an elucidating manner. Especially the way the chapter The Fundamentals of Chemical Reactions is explained is amazing. The Volume 1 and Volume 2 together contains everything from Inorganic Chemistry that we read in 10+2. Thank you very much The Mitr for cleaning and bookmarking the pdf and helping me make my first post. Volume 2 to follow.

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Preface to the Third English Edition 5

Introduction 11

1. Matter and Its Motion 11 2. Substances and Their Changes. The Subject of Chemistry 12 3. The Importance of Chemistry. Chemistry in the National Economy of the USSR 13

Chapter 1. The Atomic and Molecular Concept 15

4. Law of Conservation of Mass 16 5. Essence of the Atomic and Molecular Concept 18 6. Elementary Substance and Chemical Element 20 7. Law of Definite Proportions. Law of Multiple Proportions 22 8. Law of Combining Volumes. Avogadro Law 24 9. Atomic and Molecular Masses. The Mole 25 10. Determining the Molecular Masses of Gaseous Substances 27 11. Partial Pressure of a Gas 30 12. Equivalent. Law of Equivalents 31 13. Determination of Atomic Masses. Valence 33 14. Chemical Symbols 37 15. Most Important Classes of Inorganic Substances 38 16. Chemical Calculations 44

Chapter 2. Mendeleev’s Periodic Law 48

17. Mendeleev’s Periodic Law 48 18. The Periodic Table of Elements 50 19. Significance of the Periodic Table 55

Chapter 3. Structure of the Atom. Development of the Periodic Law 58 20. Radioactivity 58 21. Nuclear Model of the Atom 61 22. Atomic Spectra 63 23. The Quantum Theory of Light 65 24. Structure of an Atom’s Electron Shell According to Bohr 69 25. Initial Concepts of Quantum Mechanics 72 26. Wave Function 74 27. Energy State of an Electron in an Atom 76 28. Principal Quantum Number 79 29. Orbital Quantum Number. Shapes of Electron Clouds 80 30. Magnetic and Spin Quantum Numbers 86 31. Many-Electron Atoms 89 32. The Pauli Exclusion Principle. Electron Configuration of Atoms and the Periodic Table 91 33. The Dimensions of Atoms and Ions 103 34. Ionization Energy and Affinity to Electron 105 35. Structure of Atomic Nuclei. Isotopes 108 36. Radioactive Elements and Their Decay 111 37. Artificial Radioactivity. Nuclear Reactions 115

Chapter 4. The Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules 119

38. The Theory of Chemical Structure 120 39. Covalent Bond. The Method of Valence Bonds 124 40. Non-Polar and Polar Covalent Bond 129 41. Ways of Forming a Covalent Bond 133 42. Direction of a Covalent Bond 138 43. Hybridization of Atomic Electron Orbitals 141 44. Multiple-Centre Bonds 145 45. The Method of Molecular Orbitals 148 46. Ionic Bond 158 47. Hydrogen Bond 162

Chapter 5. The Structure of Solids and Liquids 165 48. Intermolecular Interaction 165 49. The Crystalline State of a Substance 166 50. The Internal Structure of Crystals 168 51. Real Crystals 171 52. The Amorphous State of a Substance 172 53. Liquids 173

Chapter 6. Fundamental Laws of Chemical Reactions 175 54. Energy Conversions in Reactions 175 55. Thermochemistry 176 56. Thermochemical Calculations 178 57. Rate of a Chemical Reaction 180 58. Dependence of Reaction Rate on the Reactant Concentrations 182 59. Dependence of Reaction Rate on the Temperature and Nature of the Reactants 184 60. Catalysis 187 61. Reaction Rate in Heterogeneous Systems 190 62. Chain Reactions 191 63. Irreversible and Reversible Reactions. Chemical Equilibrium 193 64. Displacement of Chemical Equilibrium. Le Chatelier’s Principle 196 65. Factors Determining the Direction of Chemical Reactions 200 66. Thermodynamic Quantities. Internal Energy and Enthalpy 205 67. Thermodynamic Quantities. Entropy and Gibbs Energy 208 68. Standard Thermodynamic Quantities. Chemico-Thermodynamic Calculations 211

Chapter 7. Water. Solutions 216

69. Water in Nature 216 70. The Physical Properties of Water 217 71. Phase Diagram of Water 220 72. The Chemical Properties of Water 223 73. A Characteristic of Solutions. The Dissolving Process 224 74. Concentration of Solutions 225 75. Hydrates and Crystal Hydrates 227 76. Solubility 229 77. Supersaturated Solutions 234 78. Osmosis 235 79. Vapour Pressure of Solutions 238 80. Freezing and Roiling of Solutions 240

Chapter 8. Solutions of Electrolytes 243

81. Features of Solutions of Salts, Acids, and Bases 243 82. The Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation 245 83. The Dissociation Process 247 84. Degree of Dissociation. Strength of Electrolytes 248 85. Dissociation Constant 249 86. Strong Electrolytes 252 87. Properties of Acids, Bases, and Salts from the Viewpoint of the Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation 255 88. Net Ionic Equations 258 89. Solubility Product 261 90. Dissociation of Water. pH 263 91. Shift of Ionic Equilibria 266 92. Hydrolysis of Salts 270

Chapter 9. Oxidation-Reduction Reaction. Fundamentals of Electrochemistry 277 93.

Oxidation of Elements 277 94. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 278 95. Compiling Equations of Oxidation-Reduction Reactions 279 96. Most Important Oxidizing and Reducing Agents 283 97. Oxidation-Reduction Duality. Intramolecular OxidationReduction 284 98. Chemical Sources of Electrical Energy 286 99. Electrode Potentials 292 100. Electromotive Series of Metals 303 101. Electrolysis 306 102. Laws of Electrolysis 311 103. Electrolysis in Industry 312 104. Electrochemical Polarization. Overvoltage 315

Chapter 10. Dispersed Systems. Colloids 318 105.

The Dispersed State of a Substance. Dispersed Systems 318 106. State of a Substance at a Phase Interface 323 107. Colloids and Colloidal Dispersions 325 108. Dispersion Analysis. Optical and Molecular-Kinetic Properties of Dispersed Systems 330 109. Sorption and Sorption Processes. Molecular Adsorption 333 110. Ion-Exchange Adsorption 337 111. Chromatography 340 112. Electrokinetic Phenomena 343 113. Stability and Coagulation of Dispersed Systems 346 114. Structure Formation in Dispersed Systems. The Physicochemical Mechanics of Solids and Dispersed Structures 351

Name Index 357

Subject Index 359

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8 Responses to General Chemistry Volume 1 – N.L. Glinka

  1. The Mitr says:

    Welcome Mukund, thanks for the post, hope to see more posts from you!!

  2. Mukund Pareek says:

    Thank once very much for the encouragement! I am very enthusiastic to make more posts!

  3. delenda says:

    Gorgeous book, thank you very much.
    Here are the contents of volume 2, in case someone wants to know.
    (to be precise, these are the contents of the portuguese edition, translated to english. I couldn’t obtain the english edition).

    Chapter XI Hydrogen

    Hydrogen in nature. Obtaining hydrogen. Hydrogen Properties and Application. Hydrogen peroxide

    Chapter XII. Halogens

    Halogens in Nature. Physical properties of halogens. Halogen Chemical Properties. Halogen collection and application. Halogen compounds with hydrogen. Oxygenated halogen compounds

    Chapter XIII Main subgroup of the sixth group

    Oxygen. Oxygen in nature. Air. Oxygen uptake and properties. Ozone

    Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium
    Sulfur in Nature. Sulfur Obtaining. Sulfur Properties and Application. Hydrogen sulphide. Sulphides. Sulfur dioxide. Sulfuric acid. Sulfur trioxide. Sulfuric acid. Obtaining and applying sulfuric acid. Peroxodisulfuric acid. Thiosulfuric acid. Sulfur compounds with halogens. Selenium. Tellurium

    Chapter XIV. Main subgroup of the fifth group

    Nitrogen. Nitrogen in nature. Obtaining and properties of nitrogen. Ammonia Ammonium Salts. Fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. Obtaining Ammonia. Hydrazine. Hydroxylamine. Hydrogen azide
    Nitrogen oxides. Nitrous acid. Nitric acid. Industrial preparation of nitric acid. Nitrogen cycle in nature

    Phosphorus in nature. Phosphorus attainment and properties. Phosphorus compounds with hydrogen and halogens. Phosphorus oxides and acids. Mineral fertilizers

    Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth
    Arsenic. Antimony. Bismuth

    Chapter XV Main subgroup of the fourth group

    Carbon in Nature. Carbon allotropy. Chemical properties of carbon. Carbides. Carbon dioxide. Carbonic acid. Carbon oxide. Sulfur and nitrogen carbon compounds. Fuel and its types. Gaseous fuel

    Organic compounds
    General characteristic of organic compounds. Specific features of organic compounds. Theory of the chemical structure of organic compounds. Classification of Organic Compounds. Saturated hydrocarbons. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons. Cyclic saturated hydrocarbons. Aromatic hydrocarbons. Halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons. Alcohols and phenols. Ethers. Aldehydes and Ketones. Carboxylic acids. Carboxylic acid esters. Fats. Carbohydrates. Amines. Amino acids and proteins. High molecular weight natural and synthetic compounds (polymers)

    Silicon in Nature, Obtaining and Properties of Silicon. Hydrogen and halogen silicon compounds. Silicon dioxide. Silicic acids and their salts. Glass. Pottery. Cement. Organo silicic compounds

    Tin, lead, germanium
    Germanium .Tin .Lead Lead accumulator

    Chapter XVI General properties of metals. Alloys

    Physical and chemical properties of metals. Electronic structure of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Crystal structure of metals. Obtaining metals from ores. Obtainment of high purity metals. Alloys. Phase diagrams of metal systems. Corrosion of metals

    Chapter XVII First group of the Periodic System

    Alkali metals
    Alkali metals in nature. Obtaining and properties of alkali metals. Sodium. Potassium

    Copper Subgroup
    Copper. Silver. Gold

    Chapter XVIII. Complex compounds

    Main theses of coordination theory. Principal types and nomenclature of complex compounds. Spatial structure and isomerism of complex compounds. Nature of chemical bonding in complex compounds. Stability of complex compounds in solutions. Influence of coordination on the properties of ligands and the central atom

    Chapter XIX Second group of the Periodic System

    Main subgroup of the second group
    Beryllium. Magnesium. Calcium. Hardness of natural waters and their elimination. Strontium. Barium

    Secondary subgroup of the second group
    Zinc. Cadmium. Mercury

    Chapter XX Third group of the Periodic System

    Main subgroup of third group
    Boron. Aluminum. Gallium. Indian. Thallium

    Secondary subgroup of the third group. Lanthanides. Actinides
    Scandium Subgroup. Lanthanides. Actinides

    Chapter 21 Secondary subgroups of the fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh groups

    General feature of transition elements

    Titanium Subgroup
    Titanium. Zirconium. Hafnium.

    Vanadium Subgroup
    Vanadium. Niobium. Tantalum

    Chrome subgroup
    Chromium. Molybdenum. Wolfram

    Manganese Subgroup
    Manganese. Rhenium

    Chapter XXII. Eighth group of the Periodic System

    Noble gases
    General characteristic of noble gases. Helium. Neon. Argon

    Secondary subgroup of the eighth group

    Iron Series
    Iron. Abundance in Nature. Importance of iron and its alloys in the technique. Iron Physical Properties, Phase Diagram of the Iron – Carbon System. Pig iron and steel production. Heat treatment of steel. Iron alloys. Chemical properties of iron. Iron compounds. Cobalt. Nickel

    Platinum Group Metals
    General feature of metals. Platinum. Palladium. Iridium

  4. Mukund Pareek says:

    Hey Delenda Thanks for the information but I have already mentioned in the post that Volume 2 will be posted shortly.

  5. Mukund Pareek says:

    If Anyone out there wants to buy N.L. Glinka General Chemistry Volume 1 and 2 they can contact me by my mail id :

    • Abhijit says:

      I am Abhijit Chavan , from pune, working as chemistry teacher.
      Can you send me the the list of school science books on Physics , chemistry and Biology for standard 7 to 12th from USSR.
      my email id is

      Thanking You

  6. anurag says:

    I am looking to buy or download the pdf version of High-School Mathematics, Part 1 & 2 by G.N. Yakovlev.

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