The Root System of Fruit Plants – Kolesnikov

In this post we will see a book titled The Root System of Fruit Plants by V. Kolesnikov.

About the book:

The Root System of Fruit Plants provides the horticulturist with the information he needs to be able to choose an adequate method for discovering the causes of weak growth in fruit-bearing plants, for determining the correct depth of soil treatment in orchards and soft-fruit plantations, and for improving the system of agrotechnical measures that will ensure high yields of fruit.

Many of these techniques can be employed in studying the root systems of forest trees, decoratives, and grapevines, and some arc also applicable for the examination of vegetables and field crops.

The book is recommended for research workers, teachers, post-graduate students, and undergraduates of agricultural faculties and colleges, and for practising agronomists.

The book was translated from the Russian by Ludmila Aksenova, and was first published by Mir Publishers in 1971.

PDF | OCR | Cover | 600 dpi | Bookmarked | Paginated | 26.9 MB (25.6 MB Zipped) | 278 pages

(Note: IA file parameters maybe different.)

A new cover was made using an image in the book. If anyone has access to original paper cover please share a link.

You can get the book here (IA) and here (filecloud).

Password, if needed: mirtitles

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CONTENTS

FROM THE AUTHOR 9

Chapter 1.
STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITY OF THE ROOT SYSTEM 11

The Role of the Root System and the History of Its Study 12
Types of Root System of Trees and Shrubs 19
Types of Hoots 23
Root Hairs 27
The Mycorrhiza (or Root Fungus) and Rhizosphere of Plants 33
Cyclic Renewal (Self-Thinning) of Roots 33
Effect of External Factors on Root Growth 41
Formation of the Root System 49
Correlation and Localization of Plant Life Activity 67
Vegetation and Rest Periods in Fruit Plants 69
Meteorological and Soil Conditions of Studies 72
Growth and Fruiting Control 79

Chapter 2.
DEVELOPMENT AND CLASSIFICATION OF METHODS OF ROOT SYSTEM STUDIES 82
Classification of Methods 84

Chapter 3.
THE SKELETON METHOD 87

Specific Features and Application 87
Techniques of Root Excavation 89
Drawing a Plan of Horizontal Roots 92
Drawing a Plan of Vertical Roots 93
Additional Observations 94
Simplified Modification of the Skeleton Method 95
Treatment of Data Obtained 97
Evaluation of the Method and Examples of Its Application 101

Chapter 4.
THE MONOLITH METHOD 103

Specific Features and Purpose 103
Techniques of Excavation and Preparation of Roots for Grading 105
Simplified Modification of the Monolith Method 108
Treatment of Data Obtained 122
Evaluation of the Method and Examples of Its Application 127

Chapter 6. THE TRENCH (PROFILE) METHOD 134
Specific Features and Purpose 134
Techniques of Root Excavation 135
Modifications and Simplifications 136
Treatment of Data Obtained 139
Evaluation of the Method and Its Applications 146

Chapter 6.
METHOD FOR WASHING OUT ROOTS OF WHOLE PLANTS 148

Specific Features and Purpose 148
Techniques of Root Excavation 149
Modifications of the Method 151 Treatment of Data 155
Evaluation of the Method and Its Applications 158

Chapter 7.
FIELD (GLASS-PANEL) METHOD 159

Specific Features and Purpose 159
Root Cabins and Root Laboratories 160
Modifications of the Method 165
Treatment of Data Obtained 171
Evaluation of the Method and Its Applications 176

Chapter 8.
FREE-MONOLITH METHOD 180

Specific Features and Purpose 180
Techniques of Root Excavation 186
Specific Features of Roots 189
Modifications of the Method 193
Root Recording and Treatment of Data Obtained 194
Evaluation of tho Method and Its Applications 201

Chapter 9.
BORING METHOD 204

Specific Features and Purpose 204
Construction of Tool for Root Excavation and Techniques Used 205
Evaluation of the Method and Its Applications 206

Chapter 10.
VOLUMETRIC AND ADSORPTION METHODS 209

Methods of Root Washing 209
Estimation of the Surface Area of the Hoot System 214
Adsorption Method 219

Chapter 11.
OTHER METHODS 223

Method for Studying the Distribution of Absorbing Roots in the Soil 223
Method for Studying the Root System on Slopes 225
Growing of Soil Cultures in Vegetation Vessels and Boxes 229
Method for Separating the Absorbing Roots from the Fibre 240
Method for Recording Root Hairs 241
Methods for Determining Root Diameter 245
Methods for Studying Root Regeneration 245
Methods for Determining the Effect of Temperature on Root Growth (Muromtsev, 1955) 246
Method for Photographic Sketching of the Root System 248
Aspects of Fruit Plant Root System Studies 249

References 255

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One Response to The Root System of Fruit Plants – Kolesnikov

  1. C.SubbaRao says:

    Drive by Chilikin?

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