Man and Nature – Fedorov

In this post, we will see the book Man and Nature by E. Fedorov.


About the book

The book explores the aspect of development from the perspective of the relationship of humanity to nature. The author links these to a peaceful coexistence of countries with different social systems. In the past, the natural resources were virtually unlimited, but with an increase in the population, they are being stressed. The pressing problem is to optimise the use of these resources and their equitable sharing. This book explores various aspects of this problem from a global perspective and possible policy implications that arise from these perspectives for a better future.

About the author

Academician Evgeni K. Fedorov, member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, an outstanding Soviet scientist and public figure, author of several books and a large number of articles on various problems of geophysics and meteorology, has for many years been concerned with the problem of interaction between man and nature.

As a staff researcher at the Arctic Institute in Leningrad, he took part in the first Soviet expedition to the North Pole led by Ivan Papanin (1937-1938), and in many other Arctic expeditions. Fedorov continued his scientific work in the Hydrometeorological Service of the USSR, held a post at the Geophysics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, headed the Chief Administration of the Hydrometeorological Service under the Council of Ministers of the USSR, and now heads the Institute of Applied Geophysics of the State Committee of the USSR on Hydrometeorology and Control of Natural Environment. His scientific work and public activities are well known in the USSR and other countries. From 1963 to 1971, Fedorov was Vice-President of the World Meteorological Association and later a member of its Joint Organizing Committee.

Together with other Soviet experts, Fedorov represented the USSR at the talks on the prohibition of nuclear weapons tests and environmental modification for military purposes. At present he is Vice-President of the World Council of Peace and Chairman of the Soviet Peace Committee.

The book was translated from the Russian by Sergei Chulaki and was published by Progress in 1980.

The Internet Archive Link


Preface by the Author. 5

Introduction 6

CHAPTER ONE. The Limits of the Possible 21

The Population Explosion and Population Control 21
Resources 30
The Natural Environment 47
The Volume of the Earth 61

CHAPTER TWO. From Irrational to Optimal Interaction Between Man and Nature 66

The Roots of the Irrational 66
The Danger of War 78
The Road to Optimization 88

CHAPTER-THREE. From Spontaneously Developing to Consciously Directed Civilization 107

Humans Shape Nature 107
The Shaping of Society 130
Towards a Consciously Directed Civilization 151


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